Petrokrepost

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Petrokrepost

(pyĕ'trəkryĕ`pəstyə), formerly

Schlüsselburg

(shlü`səlbo͝orkh), town and fortress, NW European Russia, E of St. Petersburg. The town, the terminus of a railroad and of the lateral canals on Lake Ladoga, has shipbuilding and repair yards. Opposite the town, on an island in Lake Ladoga, stands the fortress, which dominates the lake's access from the Neva River. Built in 1323 by the republic of Novgorod and at first called Oreshek, the fortress fell to Sweden in 1611 and was renamed Noteborg. Peter I captured it from the Swedes in 1702, during the Northern War, and named it Schlüsselburg [Ger.,=key fortress], envisioning it as the major link in Russia's line of defense to the Baltic Sea. The following year he founded St. Petersburg on the Baltic. The fortress soon lost its military significance and was used until the 1917 Bolshevik Revolution as a prison for high-ranking persons (including several members of the imperial family) and for political prisoners. In 1928 it was converted into a museum. Schlüsselburg fell (1941) to the Germans during World War II; its recapture (1943) by Russian forces opened the land route to besieged Leningrad (St. Petersburg). The name Petrokrepost [Rus.,=Peter's fortress] was adopted in 1944.

Petrokrepost’

 

(until 1611, Oreshek; until 1702, Noteburg; until 1944, Shlissel’burg), a city in Leningrad Oblast, RSFSR, under the jurisdiction of the Kirovsk city soviet. Landing on the left bank of the Neva, near Lake Ladoga, 60 km east of Leningrad; railroad station situated on the opposite bank of the river.

Petrokrepost’ was founded by Novgorodians in 1323 on Ore-khov Island in the Neva, near Lake Ladoga. Later, a posad (merchants’ and artisans’ quarter) and then a city arose on the left bank of the Neva. The city became a stronghold during the Russo-Swedish wars of the 16th and 17th centuries. In 1611 it was captured by the Swedes. On Oct. 11, 1702, in the course of the Northern War (1700-21), the city was stormed and captured by Russian troops and was renamed Shlissel’burg (“key-city”) by Peter I. It subsequently became a district capital in St. Petersburg Province. After the construction of St. Petersburg and Kronstadt, the military significance of the Shlissel’burg Fortress declined, and the fortress was soon converted into a political prison. In 1928 the former fortress-prison was turned into a museum. On Sept. 8, 1941, during the Great Patriotic War (1941-45), the city was captured by fascist German forces. The fortress, however, remained in Soviet hands and was stubbornly defended by a special garrison from 1941 to 1943. The city was liberated on Jan. 18, 1943, after three days of bitter fighting. Petrokrepost’ has shipyards. It has a branch of the State Museum of the History of Leningrad.

REFERENCE

Kann, P. Ia., and Iu. I. Korablev. Petrokrepost’. Leningrad, 1961.
References in periodicals archive ?
Electronic auction: delivery of automobile fuel of ai-92 grade and diesel fuel through the network of gasoline stations for service subscriptions (fuel coupons) for the needs of structural subdivisions located in kirovsk, shlisselburg
Instead, she and another woman, Liudmila Volkenstein, were sent to the most repressive of tsarist prisons, the forbidding Shlisselburg Fortress.
Anarchists were also working among the Red Guards, on factory committees and, perhaps most surprisingly, in military detachments especially in the Nevskii, Shlisselburg and Vyborg regions of the capital.
The package is to be installed in a multipurpose salvage vessel (MPSV) being built by Russia's Nevsky shipbuilding yard in Shlisselburg, close to St Petersburg.
He asserts that in September "closer to Shlisselburg [along Ladoga's shore] .
Mikhail Ashenbrenner noted that when he arrived in Shlisselburg in 1884, the only books to be found were a Bible, the works of Dmitrii Rostovskii, two or three old church journals, and thirty-odd old books printed on lubok paper with pre-Pushkinian language.
On 8 September 1941, a German division took Shlisselburg, an old fortress at the mouth of the Neva River a half dozen miles east of Leningrad, thereby cutting land contact between the city and the interior.
Electronic auction: a share in the construction of a multi-apartment residential building located on the territory of the ministry of defense shlisselburg urban settlement of the kirovsky municipal district of the leningrad region, with subsequent transfer of residential premises (apartments) to municipal property, to provide housing for orphans and children left without parental care and persons from their number
Open competition: for the right to conclude a municipal contract for the development of design estimates for the construction of a bridge across the staroladozhsky canal in the alignment of severny pereulok in shlisselburg
Electronic auction: delivery of motor fuel ai-92, through a network of gas stations for service subscriptions (fuel coupons) for the needs of structural units located in kirovsk, shlisselburg
Contest with limited participation: implementation of works on the development of scientific and design documentation for the reconstruction of the "numerical barracks" in the shlisselburg fortress "oreshek", at the address: leningrad region, kirovsky district, shlisselburg, about.
Address : The Russian Federation, 187320, Leningrad Region, the Kirov district, Shlisselburg g, Beetle, 5