Shmakov, Pavel

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Shmakov, Pavel Vasil’evich


Born Dec. 15 (27), 1885, in the village of Snovitsy, Vladimir Province. Soviet specialist in television and electronics. Doctor of technical sciences; professor (1937). Honored Worker in Science and Technology of the RSFSR (1948). Hero of Socialist Labor (1966).

Shmakov graduated from Moscow University in 1912. He taught at the Plekhanov Moscow Institute of the National Economy from 1921 to 1930, at the Moscow Higher Technical School from 1924 to 1930, and at the Moscow Power Engineering Institute from 1930 to 1932. He headed a laboratory at the All-Union Scientific Research Institute of Television in Leningrad from 1935 to 1937 and was director of the institute from 1946 to 1948. Shmakov was named head of the subdepartment of television at the Leningrad Electrical Engineering Institute of Communications in 1937.

Shmakov is credited with several inventions, including a television camera tube with image transfer, called the image iconoscope, which he and P. V. Timofeev developed in 1933. Shma-kov’s principal works are devoted to facsimile and to color and stereoscopic television. Shmakov received the State Prize of the USSR in 1973 and has been awarded two Orders of Lenin, the Order of the Red Banner of Labor, and various medals.


Printsipy radiotelefonii, 2nd ed. Moscow-Leningrad, 1931.
Osnovy tsvetnogo i ob”emnogo televideniia. Moscow, 1954.
Televidente, 3rd ed. Moscow, 1970. (Coauthor.)


Pavel Vasil’evich Shmakov. Leningrad, 1975.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.