Sholem Aleichem


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Sholem Aleichem:

see Aleichem, SholemAleichem, Sholem
[Heb.,=Peace be upon you!], pseud. of Sholem Rabinowitz
, 1859–1916, Yiddish author, b. Russia. One of the great Yiddish writers, he is best known for his humorous tales of life among the poverty-ridden and oppressed Russian Jews of the late 19th
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Aleichem, Sholem

(shō`ləm älā`khəm) [Heb.,=Peace be upon you!], pseud. of

Sholem Rabinowitz

(räb'ĭnô`vĭts, rəbĭn`əvĭts), 1859–1916, Yiddish author, b. Russia. One of the great Yiddish writers, he is best known for his humorous tales of life among the poverty-ridden and oppressed Russian Jews of the late 19th and early 20th cent., and has been acclaimed as the creator of modern Jewish humor and literature. His works include five novels, many plays, and some 300 short stories, often structured as folktales or monologues. English translations include The Adventures of Menahem-Mendl (1979), In the Storm (1984), and Tevya the Dairyman (1988), one of nine Tevya stories (1894–1916). In the last years of his life Sholem Aleichem lived in the United States; he died in New York City where, through his work, he helped to found the Yiddish Art Theater. Many of his works have been adapted for the stage, most notably the musical Fiddler on the Roof (1964). His autobiographical writings include From the Fair (1985).

Bibliography

See biography by J. Dauber (2013); studies by D. Miron (1973), V. Aarons (1985), and A. Solomon (2013); J. Dorman, dir, Sholem Aleichem: Laughing in the Darkness (documentary, 2011).

References in periodicals archive ?
Through his encouragement of writers like Sholem Aleichem, Isaac Babel, and Chaim Nachman Bialik, Gorky changed the course of not only modern Russian literature, but also, indirectly, modern Jewish literature well beyond Eastern Europe.
So many Jewish stories, such as those by Sholem Aleichem, are sepia-toned.
Kaufman, the granddaughter of Yiddish writer Sholem Aleichem and a vital link to Yiddish culture, died at her Manhattan home after a brief illness, said her daughter, Thea Goldstine.
Director/choreographer Jerome Robbins signed on to the project--an adaptation of Sholem Aleichem's short stories about Tevye, a Jewish milkman toiling in a shtetl in czarist Russia to provide for his wife and seven daughters--because he was determined to recreate for audiences a vanished world undone by Russian oppression, forced emigration and cultural assimilation, and, finally, the Holocaust.
At present, Sholem Aleichem College, a dedicated Yiddish day-school, is achieving commendable results in teaching Yiddish language and culture to children.
Translating Sholem Aleichem; history, politics, and art.
Another famous matchmaker in Jewish literature is Yente, based on the characters in Sholem Aleichem. Molly Picon immortalized her in the 1971 movie version of Fiddler on the Roof, as a wheedling noodge, a poor widow more interested in the commission she may make than in the happiness of the couple.
The texts in this volume include a discussion of Grossman's youthful literary influences, especially Sholem Aleichem and Bruno Schulz; the importance of what existed and what happened "over there" (in Europe) is omnipresent in Grossman's thought.
The energy of his language emerges from the mystical traditions of the Kabbalah, Biblical commentary, Sholem Aleichem, Isaac Bashevis Singer, and on a modern note, Borges and Calvino.
Based on Sholem Aleichem's short stories about Jewish village life in pre-Revolutionary Russia, its roots in Jewish music and dance give it a distinctive flavour which places it apart from musical-theatre cliche, and with a surprising lack of sentimentality it skillfully strikes a balance between picturesque comedy and the incipient tragedy of pogroms which will eventually hit the village.