Shor


Also found in: Acronyms, Wikipedia.

Shor

 

the language of the Shortzy. According to the 1970 census, Shor is spoken by more than 12,000 people in Kemerovo Oblast of the RSFSR, primarily in the northern foothills of the Altai, in the Kuznetskii Alatau, along the Tom’ River and its tributaries, and in the border region between the Khakass and Gorno-Altai autonomous oblasts. Shor, which belongs to the Khakass subgroup of the northeastern group of Turkic languages, has two dialects: the Mras, or z-dialect, which formed the basis of the literary language used in the 1920’s and 1930’s, and the Kondoma y-dialect, which in turn embraces several subdia-lects.

In Shor, vowels are distinguished as long or short, as in ool (“son”) and ol (“he,” “that one”). Stops and fricatives are unvoiced in initial and final position and voiced or semivoiced in intervocalic position, as in kap (“bag”) and kabí (“his bag”). In the declension system there is an instrumental case with the affixes -ba/-be, -pa/-pe, and -ma/-me, as in maltabá (“by means of an axe”). The system of tenses includes a potential future tense with the affix -kadíg, a past tense indicating an incompleted action with the affix -kalak, and a normal past tense with the affixes -chang/-cheng. Adverbial participles have the affixes -ala/-ele, as in turala (“as soon as he got up”).

A writing system based on the Cyrillic alphabet was introduced in 1927; a Latin alphabet was used from 1929 to 1938 when a new Cyrillic alphabet was created. There once existed an alphabet that was devised for a Shor primer published by missionaries in 1885.

REFERENCES

Dyrenkova, N. P. Grammatika shorskogo iazyka. Moscow-Leningrad, 1941.
Shorskii fol’klor. Transcribed, translated, and with an introductory article and annotations by N. P. Dyrenkova. Moscow-Leningrad, 1940.
Babushkin, G. F., and G. I. Donidze. “Shorskii iazyk.” In Iazyki narodov SSSR, vol. 2. Moscow, 1966.

L. S. LEVITSKAIA

References in periodicals archive ?
Shor brings more than 25 years of operating and real estate experience, knowledge and relationships in consumer and specialty retail businesses.
Shor retired as executive vice president of Advanced Metals Operations & Premium Alloys Operations of Carpenter Technology Corporation on 1 July 2012, after spending three decades in the company.
Shor In The City is helmed by director duo Raj Nidimoru and Krishna DK and produced by Balaji Motion Pictures and ALT Entertainment.
Within the confines of a single chapter, Shor goes through the history of American interventionism rather quickly, which naturally enough leaves aside the various detailed forms of imperialistic policy (these are dealt with more extensively in part 2 of the book).
Shor published an article in 2003 titled "Pathogenesis of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, A Multisystem Hypothesis" in the Journal of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome.
Frank Gifford remembers Shor's disarming greeting of "I'm Tootsie, the pretty Jew," while Joe Garagiola recalls Shor never called him anything but "Crumbum" or "Dago.
Though clearly a sympathetic commentator, Shor does not hesitate to point out the contradictions and failings within utopianism, showing how in most instances a combination of internal and external factors undermined utopian projects.
The promise is kept in the sense that Shor does maintain a focus on reform within the contexts of cultural and ideological matrixes and does make good use of Gramsci and Williams.
The first incident took place near Shor Kot Cantt area where car-tractor collision killed four persons, injuring four others.
SHOR Renyard, 25, lives in Consett, Co Durham, with partner Gav Charters, 28, a bar manager, and infant sons Jed and Alec.
Howard Shor turned his back on the glitzy world of advertising to keep business in the family when he found himself at a crossroads in his life in 2004.
Shor of what is now AT&T Labs in Florham Park, N.