Short Film

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Short Film


a motion picture of no more than four or five reels (1,200-1,500 m).

Shorts in the USSR are primarily documentaries (newsreels or essays), popular-science motion pictures (including educational films and lectures), and cartoons; they are designed to run on movie programs as an addition to a full-length feature film. Feature shorts, which are rarely produced, are usually shown with several others as a full-length program. Shorts require a well-defined concept, clarity, and conciseness. The genre enables film-makers to reflect various aspects of socioeconomic and cultural life flexibly and effectively.

Abroad, under the conditions of capitalist film-making, short films serve as a means for directors who have no opportunities to produce full-length feature motion pictures to express their creative individuality. The creative and thematic scope of shorts is very broad, ranging from the politically progressive to the formalistic, surrealistic, and abstract.

To get the public’s attention, many countries conduct national and international short-film festivals (including Kraków, Poland; Leipzig, German Democratic Republic; and Oberhausen, Federal Republic of Germany). Shorts are also shown at general film festivals (including the International Film Festival in Moscow and the All-Union Film Festival).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
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The Tunisian short film "Brotherhood" by Meryem Joobeur has won several awards since its release in 2018: leTanit d'Or for the short fiction film of the 2018 Carthage Film Festival (JCC), the special mention of the jury of the 41st edition of the Clermont-Ferrand Short Film Festival (February 1 to 9, 2019 France), the "Youssef Chahine Prize for the best short film" of the 40th edition of the Cairo International Film Festival (November 20-29, 2018), the CinemaXXI Prize for the short and a special mention from the jury of the 24th edition of the Rome Euro-Mediterranean Film Festival "Le MedFilm Festival" (November 9-16, 2018)
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