Shortened Work Time

Shortened Work Time

 

according to Soviet law, work time of less than 41 hours a week, provided for by law to protect workers of certain categories. Shortened work time has been set at 36 hours a week for industrial and nonindustrial workers aged 16 to 18 and at 24 hours a week for those over 15 but not yet 16.

Industrial and nonindustrial workers exposed to hazardous working conditions may work no more than 36 hours a week; these work categories are established according to a special list. The 36-hour workweek is also fixed for workers of other categories, for example, schoolteachers, doctors, professors, docents, and teaching assistants and instructors in institutions of higher learning, as well as for first- and second-group disabled workers engaged at specially designated enterprises, shops, and sections.

In a six-day workweek, the workday cannot exceed six hours if the workweek is 36 hours or four hours if the workweek is 24 hours. At enterprises and establishments with a five-day workweek, workers aged 16 to 18 cannot work more than seven hours, while workers over 15 but not yet 16 cannot work more than five hours daily.

References in periodicals archive ?
The authors argue that given this wide appeal, the campaign for shortened work time should be distinguished from struggles over compensation and should be placed in a broader social and political context.
Students of labor history will find convincing the authors' analysis of the ways in which the labor movement's political temperament influenced its approach toward the campaign for shortened work time.
These actions include further cuts in regular and contract personnel, shortened work time and temporary salary reductions.