Shorthorn


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shorthorn

a short-horned breed of cattle with several regional varieties

Shorthorn

 

a beef and dual-purpose (beef and dairy) breed of cattle. The Shorthorn was developed in the 18th century in Great Britain by improving local short-horned cattle, by crossing with Dutch and the Galloway breeds, and by selection, first for meat qualities and in the mid-19th century also for dairy qualities.

There are two types of Shorthorn: beef and dual-purpose. The coloring is various shades of red, as well as white and roan. Bulls weigh 850 to 950 kg (up to 1,200 kg), and cows, 500 to 600 kg (up to 750 kg); young reared for meat weigh 400 to 420 kg by one year of age. The yield of dressed meat is 66 to 67 percent. The meat is tender and marbled. The milk yield of dual-purpose cows is 3,500 to 4,000 kg, sometimes reaching 14,000 kg; the fat content of the milk is 3.7 to 3.9 percent. Shorthorn bulls are widely used for commercial crossbreeding with cows of various dairy breeds. Shorthorns were first imported into Russia in the 19th century and were used to develop the Bestuzhev and later the Kurgan breeds.

Shorthorns are raised in the countries of Europe and North and South America (in the USA the Santa Gertrudis breed was developed using Shorthorns) and in Australia and New Zealand; in the USSR, they are raised in Orenburg, Voronezh, Tiumen’, and Rostov oblasts and in the Bashkir ASSR.

REFERENCES

Shortgornskii skot i ego metisy v SSSR. Moscow, 1936. (Collection of articles.)
Rukovodstvo po razvedeniiu zhivotnykh, vol. 3, book 1. Moscow, 1965. (Translated from German.)
Skotovodstvo. Edited by E. A. Arzumanian. Moscow, 1970.

B. V. FANDEEV

Shorthorn

A disparaging reference to the Vista version of Windows, which was code-named Longhorn. It was coined in 2004 when Microsoft announced it would not include the advanced WinFS storage subsystem. Although Vista was released with a host of new features, many users anticipated that WinFS would be one of the most significant enhancements. See Windows Vista and WinFS.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Shorthorn has always been considered a triple-purpose breed--for beef, dairy and draft power.
Sister and brother Wendy |Young and Ian Collins with the prizewinning Dairy Shorthorns.
Comparison of beef color stability during display of two muscles between Japanese Shorthorn steers and Japanese Black steers.
Frank with Bodior's butcher, George Stuart, left, by the new cutting unit Frank Llewellyn Roberts and one of his roan Beef Shorthorn cattle Pictures: HADYN IBALL
The composite breed began in 1962 at the University of Minnesota with an experimental herd of Milking Shorthorns crossed with red Holsteins.
In addition, Shorthorn samples from the repository have been used by breeders in Utah to introduce new genetic variability into the Shorthorn breed.
Leading prices: Heifers: Limousin PS1350 (x2), PS1200 (x2) Croft House Farm, PS1350, PS1260 Newby Farm, PS1235, PS1140 Town End Farm, PS1165 Hargill House, PS1150 Shillafield, PS1150 First Street, PS1130 (x2) Park House, Beef Shorthorn PS1265, PS1235, PS1145 Glencoyne, PS1200, PS1110 Bays Leap Farm House, British Blue PS1190 Sandbed, PS1110, PS1055 (x4) New Bampton Farm, PS1090 Bays Leap Farm House, PS1035 Yew Tree Farm, PS1030 Heatheridge Farm, Aberdeen Angus PS1170, PS1090 Town End Farm, PS925 Firs Street, Charolais PS1060 Wham Head Farm, Holstein Friesian PS920 Bays Leap Farm House.
The Shorthorn Society's annual show and sale saw a lively trade for females but bulls were more difficult to place, with the bulk of demand now seen in the spring sales.
The club has seen the departure of both their manager and their local pub sponsor, the Shorthorn Inn, which has left their future in doubt.
Some of the best Holstein Friesian and Jersey cows in Wales will be shown, together with some quite exceptional Ayrshire, Guernsey, Dairy Shorthorn and Brown Swiss animals.
Beef fillet is produced from traditional Aberdeen Angus, Beef Shorthorn and South Devon cattle that thrive on Churchtown's high forage diet of clovers and grass and is matured for 28 days in purpose built premises.
The rest were Dairy Shorthorn, Ayrshire, Jersey and Guernsey breeds.