Sheshonk i

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Sheshonk I

(shē`shŏngk) or

Shoshenk I

(shō`shăngk), d. c.929 or 924 B.C., king of ancient Egypt, founder of the XXII (Libyan) dynasty. Originally a commander of mercenaries at Heracleopolis, he assumed (c.950 B.C.) royal authority when the weak dynasty at Tanis died out. He has been identified with the Pharoah Shishak in the Bible, who offered Jeroboam IJeroboam I
, in the Bible, first king of the northern kingdom of Israel. He was an Ephraimite and led a revolt against Solomon, inspired probably by the restlessness of N Palestine under southern rule.
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 refuge. Later Sheshonk overran Palestine. He enlarged the temple at Karnak and on its walls recorded the tribute paid him in Palestine and Nubia. His temple court, fronted by a huge pylon, was the largest ever built. The king's body was found (1938–39) in his burial chamber at Tanis.

Sheshonk i

 

(throne name, Hetch-Kheper-Ra), Egyptian pharaoh from 950 B.C. to 929 B.C.; founder of the 22nd (Libyan) Dynasty.

Sheshonk I was a descendant of Libyan princes or sheiks who had settled in Lower and Central Egypt, become completely Egyptianized, and joined the Egyptian aristocracy. Sheshonk invaded the Kingdom of Israel and Judah but was unable to gain a foothold there.

REFERENCE

Hölscher, W. Libyer und Ägypter. Glückstadt, 1937.
References in periodicals archive ?
Based on the archaeological, art-historical, and philological evidence first presented in CoD, significantly updated and expanded here, the historical Shoshenq I is rather to be sought in the later ninth century, in an "Omride"--rather than "Solomonic"--Iron Age IIA period, as argued for in Israel Finkelstein's (1995, 1996) "Low Chronology." (Finkelstein's Low Chronology has also generated dozens of widely divergent critical reviews, for a listing of which see http://www.cjconroy.net/bib/chron-low.htm.) Further evidence is presented in support of the identification of the biblical Shishak with Egyptian king Ramesses III, ruling at the onset of the Iron IA period in the later tenth century.
The colloquium's three sessions were entitled: 1) Is the Biblical Shishak the Same as the Egyptian Pharaoh Shoshenq I? (ten papers); 2) The Glorious Reign of Solomon, Fact or Fiction?
The fragment of a monumental commemorative stele of Shoshenq I found in 1925 at Megiddo among unstratified debris in a spoil heap left by German archaeologists excavating there between 1903 and 1905 (cf.
Aidan Dodson responds with "Shoshenq I: A Conventional(ish) View." Accepting the equation of Shishak and Shoshenq I, Dodson acknowledges the absence of Jerusalem on the legible parts of the unfinished Bubastite Portal at Karnak.
Shirly Ben-Dor Evian, in "Shoshenq I and the Levant: Synchronizing Chronologies," argues, on the basis of several aspects of what she terms "Early Iron Age IIA" material culture, for a "lingering Egyptian influence" (p.
Robert Morkot, one of the original contributors to Centuries of Darkness, and Peter James, in "Dead-reckoning the Start of the 22nd Dynasty: From Shoshenq V back to Shoshenq I," re-examine Kitchen's method of "dead-reckoning" backwards through the Third Intermediate Period by reconsidering both its verifiable duration and its historical anchor point.
Ad Thijs' contribution, "From the Lunar Eclipse of Takeloth II back to Shoshenq I and Shishak," is the development of an earlier publication (Thijs 2010).
In the next two papers, the authors, Troy Leiland Sagrillo, "Shoshenq I and Biblical Sisaq: A Philological Defense of Their Traditional Equation," and Peter van der Veen, "The Name Shishaq: Sosenq or Sysu/q?
He's generally identified as pharaoh Shoshenq I, who resided in Tanis and indeed invaded Jerusalem in 925 BC and took away the treasures of both the palace and the temple.
Krupp replies: Although "Shishak" is not a name ever used by the Egyptian pharaohs, Egyptologists do equate the Bible's Shishak with Shoshenq I. Because he died 400 years before the Shishak mentioned in Raiders of the Lost Ark, he qualifies for a Shoshenq redemption.
The attack of Shishak (Shoshenq I, 945-925 B.C.E.), king of Egypt, was recorded briefly in the Book of Kings (1 Kgs 14:25-28).
With the other roof graffiti containing royal names, the remaining texts are so vague or broken that assigning them to one or another of the rulers of this period named Osorkon or Shoshenq is perilous.