Shoshoni


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Shoshoni

 

(also Shoshone), a group of North American Indian tribes. The Shoshoni speak the Shoshonean languages, which belong to the Uto-Aztecan language family. They are divided into three groups of tribes: the Pueblo Shoshoni, which are made up of the Hopi; the Plateau Shoshoni, which comprise the Ute, Shoshoni proper, Comanche, Koso, Painte, Bannock, and Mono; and the Southern Californian Shoshoni, which include the Serrano, Gabrielino, Luiseño, and Cahuilla. The various groups were at different stages of cultural development, ranging from primitive gatherers and small-game hunters in California to settled land cultivators (Hopi) and horse-mounted hunters of bison (Comanche and Shoshoni).

Before the arrival of the European colonialists, the Shoshoni proper inhabited Utah, Nevada, and Idaho. They hunted, fished, and gathered wild cereal grains. In the mid-18th century the hunting of bison from horseback became the basis of the economy. In the mid-19th century, the Shoshoni tribes, after stubborn resistance, were settled on reservations in Nevada, Utah, Idaho, and Oregon. According to the 1970 census, the Shoshoni number 14,200, of whom 4,100 live on reservations; the rest live in cities and work as hired laborers.

References in periodicals archive ?
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37700 Shoshoni Ln, Dexter; Bozanich Steven J; Adding 2 Pole Mount (Ground Mount) Arrays To Existing System - See 509-Bp16-00024; $14,500.
And she does it while also being a full-time mum to her two-year-old son Vinnie in the Lichfield family home they share with her mother Tracy McAlinden, 50, younger brother Chey, 15, and sister Shoshoni, 16.
More than eighty Native American tribes, including the Apache, Navajo, Cheyenne, Crow, Shoshoni, Sioux, Choctaw, Creek, Seminole, Yuma, and Aztec, among other nations, accepted homosexuals and recognized them as an integral group of these societies (Lugones, 2008, p.
At this particular moment he and Lucas meet Willie Dorsey, a 102-year old Shoshoni who Dorn suspects of being "probably the oldest living being in Idaho or Nevada.
2, Journals and orderly book of Lewis and Clark, from Two-Thousand-Mile Creek to Shoshoni Camp on Lemhi River: May 6, 1805-August 20, 1805.