Shoshoni


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Shoshoni

 

(also Shoshone), a group of North American Indian tribes. The Shoshoni speak the Shoshonean languages, which belong to the Uto-Aztecan language family. They are divided into three groups of tribes: the Pueblo Shoshoni, which are made up of the Hopi; the Plateau Shoshoni, which comprise the Ute, Shoshoni proper, Comanche, Koso, Painte, Bannock, and Mono; and the Southern Californian Shoshoni, which include the Serrano, Gabrielino, Luiseño, and Cahuilla. The various groups were at different stages of cultural development, ranging from primitive gatherers and small-game hunters in California to settled land cultivators (Hopi) and horse-mounted hunters of bison (Comanche and Shoshoni).

Before the arrival of the European colonialists, the Shoshoni proper inhabited Utah, Nevada, and Idaho. They hunted, fished, and gathered wild cereal grains. In the mid-18th century the hunting of bison from horseback became the basis of the economy. In the mid-19th century, the Shoshoni tribes, after stubborn resistance, were settled on reservations in Nevada, Utah, Idaho, and Oregon. According to the 1970 census, the Shoshoni number 14,200, of whom 4,100 live on reservations; the rest live in cities and work as hired laborers.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The mathematical ecology of the Shoshoni and implications for elementary mathematics education and the young learner.
Much of the material is sourced from interviews with Joe Medicine Crow and other Crow historians and covers altercations with the Cheyenne, Sioux, Flatheads, Nez Perce, Shoshoni and Bannocks during the 18th and 19th centuries.
In addition to general information about survival practices, hunting, gathering, agriculture, and social customs of the various specific groups, "The Story of the American Indian" has 21 brief biographic profiles of famous Indian Americans listed chronologically from Pocahontas, Powhatan (1595-1617), through Washakie, Shoshoni (1804-1900).
That means he has to give nearly a stone to Kevin Ryan's Shoshoni Wind who, at just pounds 15,000, looks a bargain.
Finally, just take a walk outside and sit as if you were in front of a roaring camp fire and listen to the elder warriors of a Kiowa tribe describe the combat exploits against US Cavalry soldiers or the Shoshoni expound on Chief Wahakie's history of combat.
Lainhart's current address is 72 Shoshoni Drive in Sherwood.
Shoshoni, Crow, Blackfeet, Flathead, Kootenai, Bannock, and Nez Perce
Do they know how feeble and few the explorers are?" She remembers all the ways she has aided the expedition: finding roots and berries, speaking Shoshoni for them, assuring other Indians that the Corps was not a war party--helping them in every way but guiding.
Lewis and Clark needed a guide who could speak Shoshoni, and Charbonneau said his wife could speak Shoshoni.
Presently, Rampart is in partnership with New Shoshoni Ventures Ltd., a Canadian junior mineral exploration company.
Could the full meaning of their use of that specific word choice actually pass from English through French to Shoshoni to Che-luck-kit-ti-quar and Skillute and Tenino?