Shoulder Joint

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Shoulder Joint


of man, a spherical joint formed by the union of the head of the humeral bone with the joint surface of the shoulder blade.

A variety of movements in the shoulder joint are possible, including abduction, adduction, flexion, and extension. The joint is surrounded by an elastic capsule and strengthened by a ligament and a thick layer of muscles surrounding the joint. It is supplied with blood through the anterior and posterior humeral arteries and innervated by the axillary nerve and branches of the long thoracic, radial, and subscapular nerves.

Among the congenital diseases of the shoulder joint are developmental anomalies and habitual dislocations. The acquired diseases include arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and periarthritis. Mechanical injuries to the shoulder joint include dislocation of the head of the humerus, fractures of the neck and head of the humerus, and tears and strains of the surrounding ligaments, tendons, and muscles.

References in periodicals archive ?
The study entitled- "A study on the aetiological profile of pain around shoulder among patients attending Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Department of a tertiary care centre" was a hospital-based study carried out in the Outpatient Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Government TD Medical College, Alappuzha, during a period of one year from April 2016 - March 2017 to assess the proportion of various disorders causing pain around the shoulder joint.
Mohammed S, 2001, The effect of the quality of rehabilitative exercises proposed for cases of hamstring injuries rotary muscles of the shoulder joint of the athletes PhD thesis, Faculty of Physical Education for Boys, Helwan University.
No difference was observed in the application of shoulder joint strength, regardless of whether the backhand was performed with a single hand or both hands.
Stability of the shoulder joint was evaluated intraoperatively by examination in all directions of the range of motion with direct observation.
When sitting with a slouched posture, the shoulder joint space is compressed and all those structures get further compressed whenever you reach up.
For bacteriologic examination, samples were obtained from the liver and the right shoulder joint.
Because the lesion does not affect the shoulder joint directly, shoulder motion ranges are within normal limits.
X-ray results showed the presence of a double fracture in the head of the shoulder joint on the right side.
The variety of injuries encompassed by this general diagnosis ranges from small tears in muscle or ligaments to complete dislocation of the bones that comprise the shoulder joint.
Estonian President Toomas Hendrik Ilves underwent surgery for his left shoulder joint on Monday in Finland, National Broadcasting reports.
We are suspecting a labrum tear due to the trauma caused to his shoulder joint.