Shoulder Joint

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Shoulder Joint


of man, a spherical joint formed by the union of the head of the humeral bone with the joint surface of the shoulder blade.

A variety of movements in the shoulder joint are possible, including abduction, adduction, flexion, and extension. The joint is surrounded by an elastic capsule and strengthened by a ligament and a thick layer of muscles surrounding the joint. It is supplied with blood through the anterior and posterior humeral arteries and innervated by the axillary nerve and branches of the long thoracic, radial, and subscapular nerves.

Among the congenital diseases of the shoulder joint are developmental anomalies and habitual dislocations. The acquired diseases include arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and periarthritis. Mechanical injuries to the shoulder joint include dislocation of the head of the humerus, fractures of the neck and head of the humerus, and tears and strains of the surrounding ligaments, tendons, and muscles.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Group A was given IA injection of triamcinolone 40mg/2ml and bupivacain 2ml into shoulder joint under aseptic measures using posterior approach by the same physiatrist without the aid of imaging modalities.
The most important aspect of this study is to highlight the role of LLLT in physical change of tendon along with reduction in pain and improvement in shoulder joint's range of motions, muscle strength, and quality of life.
In conclusion, knowledge of the anatomical innervation to the shoulder joint is critical in tailoring postoperative pain management and analgesic outcome expectations after shoulder surgery.
In case 1, stability of shoulder joint is not worse than normal controls, and the patient reported no pain due to instability of the joint after surgery.
The aim of this study is to assess the proportion of various disorders causing pain around the shoulder joint in patients reporting to the Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Department of a tertiary care hospital in Kerala.
Studying the shoulder joint injuries such as (Abelew, 2001; Ahmed 1996; Medhat 2000; Mohammed 2001; Nabil, Essam, 1981; Samia, 2002) through informed researcher at the national Information network noticed that the spine and the shoulder joint injuries suffered by many swimmers as a result of excess voltage accumulated on Knuckle for long periods, causing an inflammation of the lumbar muscle in the synovial sac lining of the shoulder joint PeriArthrits.
The higher impact force gradually decreased from the proximal shoulder joint to the distal wrist joint.
Stability of the shoulder joint was evaluated intraoperatively by examination in all directions of the range of motion with direct observation.
At necropsy, an excessive amount of fibrin was present in the canalis triosseus with severe arthritis of the right shoulder joint. This lesion was the cause of the drooping of the wing and the pigeon's inability to fly.
A proper physical examination and evaluation of the history of the clinical situation are of utmost importance in the diagnosis of various pathological conditions arising from structures outside the shoulder joint and causing shoulder pain.
Current study involved 300 skin samples collected in two orientations (horizontal and vertical) from five areas (shoulder joint, wrist, ankle, forearm, and thigh) of extremity region of human cadaver.