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Shrewsbury(shro͞oz`bərē), town (1990 pop. 24,146), Worcester co., central Mass.; inc. 1727. Plastics, furniture, candy, fire alarm systems, and textiles are manufactured. Gen. Artemas WardWard, Artemas
, 1727–1800, American general in the American Revolution, b. Shrewsbury, Mass. He was active in colonial politics and served in the French and Indian War.
..... Click the link for more information. was born there.
Shrewsbury(shro͞oz`bərē), city (1991 pop. 57,731), adminstrative center of ShropshireShropshire
, county (1991 pop. 401,600), 1,348 sq mi (3,491 sq km), W England; administratively, Shropshire is a unitary authority (since 2009). It is also sometimes called Salop. The adminstrative center is Shrewsbury.
..... Click the link for more information. , W England, on the Severn River. Shrewsbury is a road and rail junction with varied manufactures. It was an ancient Saxon and Norman stronghold. The earldom of Shrewsbury was an important marcher lordship (see Welsh MarchesWelsh Marches,
lands in Wales along the English border. After the Norman conquest of England in the 11th cent., William I established the border earldoms of Chester, Shrewsbury, and Hereford to protect his English kingdom.
..... Click the link for more information. ). There are ruins of an 11th-century castle and abbey and several old churches. The narrow streets are lined by many oak-timbered, black-and-white houses of the 15th, 16th, and 17th cent. A public garden and park add to the city's beauty. In 1403, Henry IV defeated Henry Percy (Hotspur) on a plain near Shrewsbury and had the body of the rebel displayed to the townspeople as proof. Shrewsbury School, a public school founded in 1552 by King Edward VI, overlooks the Severn. Philip SidneySidney or Sydney, Sir Philip,
1554–86, English author and courtier. He was one of the leading members of Queen Elizabeth's court and a model of Renaissance chivalry.
..... Click the link for more information. , Charles DarwinDarwin, Charles Robert,
1809–82, English naturalist, b. Shrewsbury; grandson of Erasmus Darwin and of Josiah Wedgwood. He firmly established the theory of organic evolution known as Darwinism.
..... Click the link for more information. (who was born in Shrewsbury), and Fulke GrevilleGreville, Charles Cavendish Fulke
, 1794–1865, English diarist. As clerk of the Council in Ordinary (1821–59), he was closely associated with Wellington, Palmerston, and other political leaders of the reigns of George IV, William IV, and Victoria.
..... Click the link for more information. studied there.
a town in W central England, administrative centre of Shropshire, on the River Severn: strategically situated near the Welsh border; market town. Pop.: 67 126 (2001)