Srirangapatna(srē'rŭng'gəpŭt`nə), town (1991 pop. 21,905), Karnataka state, S India, on an island in the Kaveri River. There are Hindu monuments, some built in the 13th cent. Most of the large buildings date from the 17th and 18th cent., when the city was the capital of Mysore (now Karnataka). The greatest builder was Tippoo SahibTippoo Sahib
or Tipu Sahib
, 1749–99, Indian ruler, sultan of Mysore (1782–99); son and successor of Haidar Ali. He fought in his father's campaigns against the Marathas and the British but, after his succession, made peace with the British in 1784.
..... Click the link for more information. , who left a large mosque, a summer palace, and a mausoleum, where he and his father, Haidar AliHaidar Ali
or Hyder Ali
, 1722–82, Indian ruler. A Muslim of peasant stock, he rose by military brilliance to command the army of the Hindu state of Mysore.
..... Click the link for more information. , are buried. The importance of Srirangapatna declined after its capture (1799) by the British in a battle in which Tippoo was killed.