(formerly Kolarovgrad District), an administrative-territorial unit in northeastern Bulgaria. Area, 3,400 sq km. Population, 254,000 (1976). The capital is the city of Shumen. The district is located on a hilly plain north of the Stara Planina (Balkan Mountains).
The economy of Shumen District is predominantly industrial, with industry being concentrated primarily in the Shumen industrial region (the cities of Shumen, Novi Pazar, and Preslav). The main branches of industry are machine building, nonferrous metallurgy, food processing, and the production of glass, porcelain, and faience (in the cities of Novi Pazar and Kaspichan). More than half of the territory of Shumen District is under cultivation. The principal crops are grains, sugar beets (especially for seed), sunflowers, tobacco, and such fruits as grapes. Animal husbandry includes the raising of cattle and sheep. Agricultural production in Shumen District is concentrated at agroindustrial complexes.
E. B. VALEV