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a city and the administrative center of Shusha Raion, Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast, Azerbaijan SSR. Situated in the foothills of the Karabakh Range, on the Evlakh-Goris-Nakhichevan highway, 11 km south of Stepanakert and 37 km southwest of the Agdam railroad station.

Shusha was founded in the mid-18th century as a defensive fortress of the Karabakh Khanate and achieved renown for its heroic defense against the Persian Army in 1795. The city became part of Russia in 1805 and played an important role in Azerbaijani trade. During the Russo-Persian War of 1826–28, the small garrison of Shusha held out heroically for some 40 days against the Persian forces of Abbas-Mirza (seeRUSSO-PERSIAN WARS OF THE 19TH CENTURY). Shusha became a district capital of Elizavet-pol’ Province in 1840 and the administrative center of a raion of Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast in 1923.

Industry is represented by a production combine, a weaving shop of the Karabakh Silk Combine, and a factory that produces Oriental musical instruments; the city is also known as an ancient carpet-weaving center. An agricultural technicum and pedagogical school are located in Shusha, whose cultural institutions include a museum of the history of Shusha and a memorial house-museum devoted to the composer U. Gadzhibekov. Architecture of the 18th century is represented by two castles and the remains of fortress walls. The city has numerous stone houses of the 18th and 19th centuries that are characterized by the use of decorative painting and shebeke (ornamental window grills).

Shusha is a climatic health resort. Summers are warm, with a mean July temperature of 19°C, and winters are mild, with a mean January temperature of –2°C; the annual precipitation is 645 mm. The city has sanatoriums, houses of rest, Pioneer camps, and a tourist center.


Alizade, A. M., and A. V. Sarkisov. “O nekotorykh arkhitekturnykh pamiatnikakh Shushi.” In Pamiatniki arkhitektury Azerbaidzhana, [vol]. 2. Baku, 1950.
References in periodicals archive ?
Uzeyir Hajibeyov was born in Shusha Aghjabadi village in September 18, 1885.
PPC identified the six detainees as Ahmad Shusha, 17, and his cousin, Awni, both from the Bethlehem village of Husan, as well as Hadil Kalbiyya, Nour Salama and Hiba Jaber, all aged around 15 years.
While Azerbaijan was part of Czarist Russia, ethnic Armenian-Azeri clashes in Azerbaijan during 19051906, including fighting in the Nagorno-Karabakh city of Shusha, resulted in an estimated 3,100 to 10,000 Armenians and Azeris killed.
On the other hand, the Israeli Magistrate Court extended the arrest of the Jerusalemite young man Mohammed Abu Shusha till Friday.
Arshin Mal Alan is a 1913 operetta about the cloth peddler in the 1900s Shusha, who is looking for a wife.
The Israeli occupation has transformed Palestinian land into dumpsite for solid and hazardous waste, through the establishment of its own dumpsites on the West Bank such as Tovlan dumpsite in Jericho governorate, in addition to the current attempt to establish another dumpsite near Nablus in an area called Kasaret Abu Shusha.
Khojaly is an Azerbaijani town strategically located on the Agdam - Shusha and Hankendi (Stepanakert) - Askeran roads in Nagorno-Karabakh region of Azerbaijan.
Besides, classical grant competitions covering mostly fundamental and applied natured scientific-research projects, Fund holds Shusha grant dedicated to Garabakh researches, and Mobility grant allowing scholars to attend in practical trainings in abroad.
It was decided, during the meeting chaired by Minister to the Prime Minister in charge of Economic Affairs Ridha Saidi, to continue as part of the specialised commission created to this effect, the follow-up of the living conditions of the refugees and the humanitarian impact of closing the Shusha camp, due next June.
Whilst still part of Czarist Russia, conflict between Armenians and Azeris, including clashes in the Nagorno-Karabakh city of Shusha, became quite intense in 1905 and 1906, with estimates ranging from 3,100 to 10,000 Armenians and Azeris killed and with 128 Armenian and 158 Azeri communities destroyed (Swietochowski, 1995, pp.
1992 Armenian forces capture Shusha, marking a major turning point in the Karabakh War.
LOS ANGELES, May 8, 2012 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- May 8, 2012 marks the 20th anniversary of the occupation of Shusha, a predominantly Azerbaijani city within the Nagorno-Karabakh region of Azerbaijan.