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1. See Siamese cat
2. characteristic of, relating to, or being a Siamese twin
3. another word for Thai
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005


(Thai) architecture (1350–1500)
An architecture consisting of stupas and temples. The most characteristic forms are the eaves of overlapping roof planes, which are terminated with sculptural finials. The Temple of the Emerald Buddha in Bangkok is the most notable example.
Illustrated Dictionary of Architecture Copyright © 2012, 2002, 1998 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Thai (Siamese) Language


the language of the Khon Thais in Thailand; the official language of Thailand. Thai belongs to the Thai group of languages; its deeper genetic links have not been established. There are four dialects: central (the basis of the literary language), northern, northeastern, and southern.

Structurally, Thai is a syllabic language. The syllable generally corresponds to the morpheme and is thus the basic structural unit, characterized by a specific tone. Thai has five tones that serve to distinguish meaning. Phonologically, there are 20 consonants and 24 vowel phonemes, of which 18 are monophthongs and six are diphthongs. The vowels are paired according to length and shortness. Word formation occurs chiefly by means of compounding. Morphologically, Thai is an analytic language; the grammatical meaning of the content word is transmitted by auxiliary words.

Typologically, Thai belongs to the root-isolating languages. The written language, established in 1283, derives from southern Indian script, probably through Khmer writing.


Morev, L. N., Iu. Ia. Plam, and M. F. Fomicheva. Taiskii iazyk. Moscow, 1961.
Noss, R. B. Thai: Reference Grammar. Washington, D.C., 1964.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
A few years later, the Siamese government's safeguarding of the barbarous landmark became a cause of widespread popular discontent.
For the musical entertainments performed for the subsequent Siamese embassy of 1686, we ibid, pp.
He said this after officiating the Siamese Citrawarna ceremony in the Wat Machimmaran here last night.
Recorded with the brilliant Butch Vig in Georgia - away from Chamberlin's known drug connections - Siamese Dream was a masterpiece.
Prince Charoonsakdi, the Siamese minister in Paris, argued that Siam should "take some active part or make a bit of a show" as "Our voice in the Peace Conference will be more considered as having made sacrifices in lives & material" (p.
Upon improving its issued machine guns some twenty years later, the Siamese military revised their issue cartridge to a slightly longer 8x52mm rimmed case with a spitzer bullet.
Siamese crocs are native to Asia and there are fewer than 1,000 left in the wild.
This is Siamese Crocodile Lake in Osoam Cardamom Community Centre located in the Cardamom mountains between Koh Kong and Pursat town, a protected crocodile habitat home to 40 to 60 of the largely fish-eating aquatic reptiles.
He loves attention and has perfected the art of calling people over with his deep baritone Siamese meows.
The Siamese crocodile witnessed sharp decline in the twentieth century when hunt them for their skin and capturing for farming picked up immensely, International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)'s Red List noted.
Inseparable: The Original Siamese Twins and Their Rendezvous with American History examines the lives of Siamese twins Cheng and Eng, whose condition coined the term and came to exemplify the experience of being conjoined as they posed on stages across the country as peculiarities and sideshow entertainment.
There in the vet's waiting room they met Miss Puffy, a snooty Siamese cat who warned them that they were probably there to get shots.