Sybaris

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Sybaris

(sĭb`ərĭs), ancient city of Magna Graecia, S Italy, in Bruttium, on the Gulf of Tarentum (now Taranto). It was founded in 720 B.C. by Achaeans and people from Argolis, the Troezenians. It became a wealthy Greek city, and its inhabitants were reputed to live voluptuous lives, hence the word sybaritic. The Troezenians, ejected by the Achaeans, obtained the help of neighboring Crotona and destroyed the city in 510 B.C. Thurii was supposedly built on the site.

Bibliography

See O. H. Bullitt, Search for Sybaris (1969).

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Sybaris

 

an ancient Greek colony on the Gulf of Tarentum (Taranto), in Italy. Founded in approximately 720 B.C. by Achaeans, Sybaris was an important trade center in the seventh and sixth centuries B.C. Its inhabitants, according to ancient historical tradition, had a reputation for wealth and love of luxury, which accounts today for the meaning of the word “sybarite.” In 510 B.C., during the war with the city of Croton, the colony was totally destroyed. In approximately 443 B.C. the city of Thurii was built near the site of Sybaris.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Sybaris

a Greek colony in S Italy, on the Gulf of Taranto: notorious for its luxurious living, founded about 720 bc and sacked in 510
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
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