(shēbĕ`nĭk), Ital. Sebenico, town (2011 pop. 46,332), S Croatia, on the Adriatic Sea. It is a seaport, naval base, and resort center on the Dalmatian coast. The city has shipbuilding, metalworking, and aluminum industries. Founded in the 10th cent., Šibenik was an early residence of the kings of Croatia. It was captured by Venice in 1117, but was held by Hungary from 1351 to 1412, when it again passed to Venice. It passed (1797) to Austria, which held it until 1918. The city was incorporated into Croatia, then a constituent republic of Yugoslavia, in 1922. Šibenik's finest buildings date from the Venetian period, notably the Cathedral of St. Jacob (1431–55) and a town hall with a Renaissance loggia (built in 1542).
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a city and port in Yugoslavia; situated on the Adriatic Sea, in Croatia. Population, 32,000 (1975). Šibenik, a center for the production of ferroalloys, is also important for the aluminum industry, including smelting in Lozovac and metal-rolling in Ražina. The metalworking industry uses energy from a hydroelectric power plant on the Krka River and bauxite from local deposits. The city also manufactures textiles and food products, mainly wine and canned fruit and fish. Ships are repaired in the port.

Šibenik, which is laid out in the form of an amphitheater, has an old section with an irregular medieval network of streets. Noteworthy buildings include remains of stone fortifications and Gothic churches, including the Church of St. Barbara (1447–51), as well as palaces with elegant carved ornamentation. Renaissance structures include the Cathedral of St. Jakov (1431–1555; architects included Juraj Dalmatinac and Nikola Firentinac; sculpted heads on the eastern facade by Juraj Dalmatinac), the town hall (1534–42), and the New Church (16th century, interior frescoes by local craftsmen, 17th century). The Church of St. Lovre (17th century) is in the baroque style. Outside the old city there are 20th-century buildings, including new residential areas and the Solaris Hotel (1969). Šibenik is popular with tourists.


Iveković, C. M. Šibenik-Sebenico. Vienna, 1927. (Dalmatiens Architektur und Plastik, 2nd ed., vol. 2.)
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Earlier on Saturday, local media said Tarrant had visited Zagreb during that period as well as several other towns on Croatia's Adriatic coast, including Zadar, Sibenik and Dubrovnik.
Buses will stop in Zadar, Sukosan, Biograd, Pakostane, Vodice, Sibenik, Primosten and Trogir as well as Split.
Adriatic Princess II will explore Split, Sibenik, Hvar, Korcula and Dubrovnik - and there will be swim stops at other idyllic locations.
A beautiful journey downstream from Krka took us to Skradin for easily the best seafood of the trip, overlooking a peaceful inland harbour before we returned to the coast, and Sibenik.
The ice and snow in the seaside town of Sibenik prompted authorities to close down the schools there.
If the City of its shares to be alienated, required 30 percent of the revenue generated from disposal into the state budget.Also, it was decided to claim that the state has to Croatian football club Sibenik transferred to the City of Sibenik, in a way that instead of the current debt amount of HRK 49,585,576.08 state the amount of the debt of HRK 54,318,909.53.
Historic Sibenik, at the southern end of the rally route, sits on an extensive inlet of the Adriatic, which winds its way for 10 navigable miles inland to Skradin and the Krka National Park.
The players of Sibenik and Karlovac began lying down on the grass one after another after the game had already started in protest at a lack of wages.
Current league positions Ajax 5th, Dynamo Zagreb 1st Ajax Dynamo Zagreb (a) 4-0 Roda JC (a) 2-0 NK Istra 1961 (h) 1-1 Feyenoord (h) 2-0 Rijeka (a) 2-0* Din Zagreb (h) 0-2* Ajax (h) 2-2 AZ Alkmaar (a) 1-2 Zadar (a) 0-1 FC Groningen (h) 2-1 Sibenik (a) 0-3* Real Madrid (a) 0-2* Lyon *Cup match Dinamo are out of their depth AJAX were good value for their 2-0 win in Zagreb two weeks ago and they should have no trouble landing a quickfire double over Dinamo.
Image: Thoughtful hunk Best known for: Playing Luka in ER Early life: Born September 9, 1972, in Sibenik, Yugoslavia, now Croatia, the son of a bus driver and supermarket worker.
The law enforcement agency said the vuvuzelas appeared during the European obligations of Cyprus teams, namely Apoel that beat Tauras 3-0 in Lithuania and Anorthosis that lost 2-0 to Croatia's Sibenik in Larnaca.
ANKARA, Jun 7, 2010 (TUR) -- Turkish first division side Genclerbirligi signed Bosnian striker Ermin Zec from Croatia's Sibenik, Turkish club said on Monday.