The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(Aleksandr Sibiriakov), a Soviet icebreaker. The Sibiriakov was built in 1909 in Glasgow for commercial hunting in the arctic; its English name was Bel/aventure. It had a displacement of 1,383 tons and a speed of 13 knots (23 km/hr).

The icebreaker was purchased by the Russian government in 1916 and named in honor of A. M. Sibiriakov. During World War I it was used in ice conditions to transport military cargo that had arrived from the West across the White Sea. After the war the icebreaker worked in the seas of the Arctic Ocean. In 1932 the Sibiriakov made the first nonstop voyage along the Northern Sea Route from the White Sea to the Bering Sea. During the Great Patriotic War of 1941–45 the Sibiriakov, renamed the Led-6, was part of an icebreaking detachment of the White Sea Flotilla; it was armed with two 76-mm guns, two 45-mm guns, and machine guns.

On Aug. 25, 1942, the Sibiriakov engaged the German heavy cruiser Admiral Scheer in the Kara Sea near Belukha Island and was sunk after a heroic but unequal battle. In 1945 a new icebreaker of the Northern Icebreaking Fleet was named Sibiriakov.


Suziumov, E. M. Podvig “A. Sibiriakova.” Moscow, 1964.
Novikov, L. A., and A. K. Taradankin. Skazanie o “Sibiriakove.” Moscow, 1961.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Sibiriakov, "Crisis Design: The Road to Success," we read: "If the system has exhausted the resources of its development, integrate it with another system which has the same principal function.
Just a small number of their publications have been cited here, but many topics remain to be investigated, such as Siberia's communities of Old Believers, Poles, and Skoptsy; the maritime ports of Okhotsk, Vladivostok, and Petropavlovsk; Grigorii Skorniakov-Pisarev's picaresque career; the lucrative gold-mining industry; the Sibiriakov merchant family; the BAM; Primor'e's Asian immigrant population; Siberian monasteries--to name but a few.
Thus the largest ethnographic expedition organized in the 1890s for the study of Siberia's inorodtsy (the Sibiriakov expedition) had as its main stated aim the "discovery of the national characters of the peoples." (32) For Marr, the aim of the studies of the Caucasus was "to uncover, in chronological order, their [nationalities'] unique manifestations." (33)