Siegfried Passarge

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Passarge, Siegfried


Born Feb. 26, 1867, in Königsberg, now Kaliningrad; died July 26, 1958, in Bremen. German geographer and explorer.

Passarge was a professor at higher educational institutions in Breslau (Wroclaw) from 1905 and in Hamburg from 1908 to 1935. He explored Equatorial, South, and North Africa and the northern regions of South America. He was the father of German landscape science, which he regarded as an independent scientific discipline. He considered geographic landscape to have a natural integrity and sought to classify natural landscapes and study their relationship to improved landscapes. Passarge’s works are weakened by his concept of landscapes not as complete natural formations but as systems formed by the mechanical imposition of separate territorial units on each other and by his failure to follow a genetic approach to the description of landscape characteristics.


Die Grundlagen der Landschaftskunde, vols. 1–3, Hamburg, 1919–20.
Beschreibende Landschaftskunde. Hamburg, 1929.
Geographische Völkerkunde, vols. 1–5. Frankfurt am Main, 1933–38.
Einführung in die Landschaftskunde. Leipzig, 1933.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Rainer Hering, in his study of the Pan-German League and its elitist academic membership in Hamburg, contends that "Pan German nationalism was inseparable from antisemitism" (114), personifying this in a discussion of a prominent member of Hamburg's Pan-German League, the anti-Semitic geography professor, Siegfried Passarge.