Felix Salten

(redirected from Siegmund Salzmann)

Salten, Felix

 

(pseudonym of Siegmund Salzmann). Born Sept. 6, 1869, in Budapest; died Oct. 8, 1945, in Zürich. Austrian writer, journalist, critic.

In 1938, Salten emigrated to the USA and then moved to Switzerland. He is the author of the antimilitaristic drama Rank and File (1899), the antimonarchist satire The Book of Kings (1905), and the collections of essays The Viennese Nobility (1905) and The Austrian Appearance (1909). His realistic novellas (“Little Veronica,” 1903), novels (Olga Frogemut, 1910; The Ringing Bell, 1914), and dramas (From the Other Shore, 1908; The Children of Happiness, 1916) depicted the moral degradation of man under the conditions of bourgeois society. Salten’s best works about animals are the tale “Bambi” (1923; Russian translation, 1957; animated film by W. Disney, 1942) and his “zoological” novels (The Florentine Dog, 1921, and others).

WORKS

Schauen und Spielen, vols. 1–2. Vienna, 1921.
Gestalten und Erscheinungen. Berlin, 1913.
Geister der Zeit. Vienna, 1924.
Fünf Minute n Amerika. Berlin, 1931.

REFERENCES

Sprengler, J. “F. Salten im Rahmen der Wiener Kritik.” Das literarische Echo, 1921–22.
Kauer. “Der Dichter des ‘Bambi.’” Österreichische Volksstimme, Sept. 7, 1954, no. 209.

N. B. VESELOVSKAIA

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Yet, as David Rakoff pointed out in 2006, the novel penned by Salten, born Siegmund Salzmann in 1869 and raised in the slums of Vienna, is a far cry from the Disney version that has since overshadowed it.