Emmanuel Joseph Sieyès

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Emmanuel Joseph Sieyès
Birthday
BirthplaceFréjus, France
Died
NationalityFrench
Occupation
Author, clergyman and politician

Sieyès, Emmanuel Joseph

 

Born May 3, 1748, in Fréjus; died June 20, 1836, in Paris. Figure in the French Revolution.

Before the revolution, Sieyès was an abbé. In 1789 he published the pamphlet What Is the Third Estate? (Russian translation, 1906), in which he criticized feudal absolutism and attempted to substantiate the claims of the bourgeoisie to political dominance. He was elected a deputy from the third estate of Paris to the Estates General of 1789. At his suggestion, a meeting of representatives of the third estate proclaimed itself the National Assembly on June 17, 1789. A contributor to the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, Sieyès was one of the founders of the Jacobin Club. In 1789 and 1790 he supported the establishment of property ownership as a qualification for suffrage. In July 1791 he went over to the Feuillants. In subsequent years, as the revolution progressed, he chose not to state his political position precisely. As a member of the National Convention, Sieyès took into account the new alignment of political forces and voted in favor of executing Louis XVI. After the counterrevolutionary Thermidorian coup d’etat of 1794, he became especially active in politics.

Sieyès helped draft the constitution of 1795, which established the Directory in France, and in May 1799 he became a member of the Directory. He helped prepare for the coup d’etat of 18 Brumaire in 1799. Sieyès was one of the three provisional consuls, and in 1800 he became a member of the senate. In 1803 Sieyès was elected a member of the Académie Française. In 1809 he received the title of count. In 1816 he was driven from France for regicide. He returned in 1830.

References in periodicals archive ?
El analisis historico resumido arriba senala claramente las similitudes entre las facultades del Supremo Poder Conservador y las instituciones propuestas por Constant, Sieyes y los senados conservadores franceses.
(17) Mesmo no coracao do poder constituinte, a Franca, a pioneira invocacao de "la nation" pelo Abbe Sieyes durante a Revolucao Francesa foi interpretada de varias maneiras.
(100) Emmanuel Joseph Sieyes, What Is the Third Estate?, ed SE
Influido por Sieyes y Clermont-Tonerre, en su obra Principes politiques applicables a tous les gouvernements representatifs et particulierement a la constitution actuelle de la France, (11) Constant segmentaba el Poder Ejecutivo, antes unitario, en dos esferas distintas: el poder neutro en manos del rey y el Poder Ejecutivo propiamente dicho en manos de los ministros.
Sieyes en su obra Que es el tercer estado nos dice que: "en toda nacion libre y toda nacion debe ser libre, no hay mas que una manera de resolv er las diferencias que se promueven con respecto a la constitucion.
La Revolucion comienza asi, segun Sieyes, dentro del rechazo de los "filosofos--como Montesquieu y Rousseau--demasiado sometidos al pasado", y que se esfuerzan por "combinar ideas serviles siempre de acuerdo con los acontecimientos" mientras que "la sana politica no es la ciencia de lo que es, sino de lo que debe ser" (19).
Com efeito, o principio representativo encontra-se intrinsecamente ligado a teoria de soberania nacional, formulada por Sieyes, de acordo com a qual o titular da soberania nao e o povo, mas a nacao, que por sua vez e representada pelo parlamento.
De alli que Scott examine el discurso de los revolucionarios de antano como Maximilien Robespierre y el abad Sieyes, quienes consideraron a la Republica como parte de dos abstracciones independientes, la del individuo y la de la nacion.
That puzzlement is partly allayed by taking into account the political/historical context, and--in particular--the fact that Kant's categories of "active" and "passive" citizen are lifted almost verbatim from the French Constitution of 1791, following the recommendations of Abbe Sieyes. In adopting these categories--as Kant's contemporary audience would surely have recognized--Kant was also laying down a political marker in favor of the French constitutional moderates and against radicals like Robespierre, who was closely identified with the cause of universal suffrage.
cuestion la tesis de Sieyes referida a la especializacion del
No se trata, entonces de un representante libre tout court, como el auspiciado por Edmund Burke (Burke 1993; Sieyes 1991) puesto que insiste en la referencia a la responsabilidad.
A tal punto que el nacionalismo liberal resultante llega a modelar el We the People de la Constitucion de los Estados Unidos con la Nation Une del revolucionario frances Sieyes (Maiz, 2008: 184).