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one of the three early states—Silla, Koguryo, and Paekche—that arose as the primitive communal order on the Korean Peninsula disintegrated; Silla was located in the southeastern part of the peninsula.

Although chronicles traditionally date the rise of Silla to 57 B.C., the tribes in the southeastern part of the Korean Peninsula, led by the Saro (or Silla) tribe, were brought together only in the course of the first few centuries of the common era. A state was not really formed until the sixth century, when, over a considerable area, the geographical division of the population was consolidated, organs of state administration were created, and Buddhism became the state religion. Thenceforth, the three states fought an increasingly bitter struggle for domination of the peninsula, while the Chinese dynasties actively intervened in the struggle. Silla, in alliance with the Chinese T’ang dynasty, defeated Paekche in 660 and Koguryo in 668; however, the T’ang dynasty’s subsequent attempts to entrench itself in the Korean Peninsula provoked a national liberation struggle, during which Silla united all Korea south of the Taedong-gang (river).

The rise of a united state of Silla in the late seventh century was an important stage in the formation of the Korean nationality and in the development of feudal relations. Irrigated crop cultivation and crafts made significant strides in Silla. In the ninth century, as large-scale landowning grew and separatism among feudal lords increased, the state of Silla broke up into numerous appanages.


References in periodicals archive ?
The historic Woljeong Temple, which was established in 643 during the Silla Dynasty, is a 20-minute walk away.
6935 AD] by the Silla dynasty, and the sites and monuments in and around Gyeongju bear outstanding testimony to its cultural achievements," UNESCO said.
Yangdong is a Korean folk village designed as important folk material, located along the Hyeongsan river, 20 km northeast of Gyeongju, the city which served as the capital during the millennium-long Silla dynasty of Korea.
Drawn from the holdings of the National Museum of Korea in Seoul and Gyeongju, this show focuses on the extraordinary treasures created between 400 and 800 AD on the Korean peninsula, as the Silla dynasty rose to prominence.
In the Koryo Dynasty which followed the Silla Dynasty and lasted from 918 to1392, the contact between us was clear.
Seoul, July 22 (ANI): In a historic discovery, a collection of fifth-century scale armor of Silla Dynasty cavalrymen was unearthed last month in Gyeongju, North Gyeongsang, Korea, providing proof of the existence of these mythical men.
Assimilation of Buddhism in Korea: Religious Maturity and Innovation in the Silla Dynasty.
Some of the best examples are around Gyeongju, one of Korea's most popular tourist destinations and the old capital of the Silla dynasty.
After that, Silla, one of the three kingdoms, united Korea under the unified Silla dynasty (668-935).
His ancestors hailed from the Silla Dynasty of Korea and many emigrated to be found in the Japanese Court around the year 732.
Woljeong Temple, one of Korea's five biggest temples, is a cultural relic built during the Silla Dynasty (57 B.
The Korean historical account suggests that Dokdo was incorporated in Korea in 512 AD during the Silla dynasty.