Silla

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Silla

 

one of the three early states—Silla, Koguryo, and Paekche—that arose as the primitive communal order on the Korean Peninsula disintegrated; Silla was located in the southeastern part of the peninsula.

Although chronicles traditionally date the rise of Silla to 57 B.C., the tribes in the southeastern part of the Korean Peninsula, led by the Saro (or Silla) tribe, were brought together only in the course of the first few centuries of the common era. A state was not really formed until the sixth century, when, over a considerable area, the geographical division of the population was consolidated, organs of state administration were created, and Buddhism became the state religion. Thenceforth, the three states fought an increasingly bitter struggle for domination of the peninsula, while the Chinese dynasties actively intervened in the struggle. Silla, in alliance with the Chinese T’ang dynasty, defeated Paekche in 660 and Koguryo in 668; however, the T’ang dynasty’s subsequent attempts to entrench itself in the Korean Peninsula provoked a national liberation struggle, during which Silla united all Korea south of the Taedong-gang (river).

The rise of a united state of Silla in the late seventh century was an important stage in the formation of the Korean nationality and in the development of feudal relations. Irrigated crop cultivation and crafts made significant strides in Silla. In the ninth century, as large-scale landowning grew and separatism among feudal lords increased, the state of Silla broke up into numerous appanages.

M. N. PAK

References in periodicals archive ?
The name "Haslla" comes from the city's old name during the Silla Kingdom (57 BC _ 935 AD).
Their bones were discovered in South Korea at the foundation of the ancient palace Wolseong, which translates to Moon Castle, in what was once the capital of the Silla kingdom.
Despite being a sageuk (traditional Korean drama) about protecting the Silla kingdom, Hwarang's tone isn't as heavy as most sageuks and, of course, has six good looking warriors for you to swoon over.
The authors find that gulwur, which is documented in eight Khitan-language tomb inscriptions excavated in northeastern China, originally derives from the name of the (Unified) Silla kingdom (668-935), but was later successively (mis-)applied to Bohai/Palhae (698-926) and Koryo (918-1392).
of California, Berkeley) has produced the first new English study in a generation of the Man'yoshu, a sequence of 145 poems written in the 8th century about an expedition from Japan to the Silla kingdom (later known as Korea).
Similar characteristics can be found in the myth of Hyokkose, the founder of Silla Kingdom, who is equally treated in Samguk Yusa.
The ''Hanhiryoron'' was written by a monk known as Gangyo in Japan, who lived in the Silla kingdom of ancient Korea.
250 to 587) during which priestly rulers making use of imported techniques and ideas conquered most of Japan; (3) the century of reform (587 to 672) when Japanese reformers, under the threat of an expanding Chinese empire that was allied with the Silla kingdom on the Korean peninsula, moved promptly to create a strong Chinese-like state system of their own; and (4) the Asuka and Nara periods (672 to 784) that witnessed remarkable cultural advances.
Silla Kingdom have originated from Bangudae and advanced by whale hunters to Gyeongju.
In today's episode of 'Hwarang', you can witness the old style of playing football during the period of the Silla Kingdom in Korea.
In Korean history there were three ruling queens, all from the Silla kingdom and none with children claiming succession through them.
A 7-kilometer mountainous course includes Oeo Temple set up during the Silla Kingdom, and Wonhyo Bridge, a suspension bridge named after the Buddhist Monk Wonhyo (617-686) who is said to have visited the temple.