Sylvester, James Joseph

(redirected from Silvester)
Also found in: Wikipedia.

Sylvester, James Joseph

Sylvester, James Joseph, 1814–97, English mathematician. He studied at Cambridge for four years after 1831, but because degrees were limited to members of the Church of England and he was a Jew, he was not granted a degree until 1872. He was professor of mathematics at the Univ. of Virginia (1841) and at the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich, England (1855–70). Returning to the United States in 1876, he became the first professor of mathematics at Johns Hopkins, where in 1878 he founded the American Journal of Mathematics. He was Savilian professor of geometry at Oxford (1883–94). He is known especially for his work on algebraic invariants, matrices, determinants, and the theory of numbers, much of his most important work being done in collaboration with Arthur Cayley.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2022, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Sylvester, James Joseph

 

Born Sept. 3, 1814, in London; died there Mar. 15, 1897. English mathematician.

Sylvester graduated from Cambridge University in 1837. He was a professor at the Royal Military Academy in Woolwich from 1855 to 1870 and at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore (USA) from 1876 to 1883. In 1883 he became a professor at Oxford University. Sylvester’s principal work was in algebra, number theory, probability theory, mechanics, and mathematical physics. His most important investigations dealt with the theory of invariants and its geometric applications. In 1878 he founded the first American mathematical journal, The American Journal of Mathematics. Sylvester became a foreign corresponding member of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences in 1872.

WORKS

The Collected Mathematical Papers, vols. 1–4. Cambridge, 1904–12.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
Mentioned in ?
References in classic literature ?
Silvester (as she was now called) gratefully accepted for herself, and for Miss Silvester, the assistance of the dear old friend who had found her again in her affliction, and who remained faithful to her to the end.
The wildness began to appear again in Anne Silvester's eyes.
In the double relation of teacher and friend to little Blanche, the girlhood of Anne Silvester the younger passed safely, happily, uneventfully, in the modest sanctuary of home.
At the last moment she drew Anne Silvester on one side, out of hearing of the rest.
With a full heart Anne Silvester kissed it, and gave the promise.
RUTH Silvester, trustee of the Cecil Bowen Memorial Fund, was delighted to receive a donation from Waitrose Chester's Community Fund.
Brian Silvester, who admitted putting vulnerable lives at risk when he appeared at Chester Crown Court in 2013, tweeted on Thursday: "Why is the Government spending OUR taxes on private properties?
Leanne Silvester dived again and again as she desperately tried to reach Owain Jones - who himself had entered the water believing someone needed to be rescued - but he was sinking deeper and she could not bring him to the surface.
Leanne Silvester dived again and again as she desperately tried to reach Owain Jones, 32 - who himself had entered the water believing someone needed rescuing - but he was sinking deeper and she could not bring him to the surface.
It has been 26 years of perseverance and patience for Mr Steward Silvester, 45, who repairs shoes to support his family.
Silvester weaves Scottish folklore into the plot so that you can almost imagine listening to this story round a fire with a wee glass of peaty malt.
Its officer, Silvester Saimin, said 16 personnel were involved in the operation which was carried out during the day while they stood guard at night, after receiving complaints from the villagers, since May 21.