Silybum


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Silybum

 

(milk thistle), a genus of plants of the family Compositae. The plants are biennial or perennial herbs reaching 1.5 m in height. The leaves are alternate, large, white-spotted, pinnately lobed, and spinose-toothed. The flowers, which are tubular, bisexual, and usually purple, are large (3–6 cm across) and in solitary heads. The fruit is a compressed achene with a pappus of rough, white bristles. There are two species, distributed in Europe, the Caucasus, Asia Minor, Southwest and Middle Asia, and North Africa. The USSR has one species, the blessed thistle (S. marianum), which grows along roads and fields, on fallow land, in gardens, and near dwellings. The plant is sometimes raised as an ornamental. The fruits contain an edible oil.

References in periodicals archive ?
Hepatoprotective Effect of Silymarin (Silybum marianum) on Hepatotoxicity Induced by Acetaminophen in Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats.
Shoot regeneration and free-radical scavenging activity in Silybum marianum L.
The lowest syneresis after 28 days of storage was observed for yogurt with 0.50% thistle (Silybum marianum L.).
EMM exhibited a similar effect as Silymarin, a known hepatoprotective drug from Silybum marianum.
(10) AntiOxidant Formula each vegetarian capsule contains 0 vitamin A (as beta carotene) 10,000 iu vitamin E (as d-alpha tocopherol succinate) 100 iu riboflavin (vitamin B.) 25 mg zinc (as zinc picolinate) 5 mg selenium (as selenomethionine) 100 mcg n-acetyl-kysteine (NAC) (free-form) 100 mg milk thistle (silybum marianum) extract (seed) 100 mg (standardized to contain 80% Silymarin) mixed carotenoids (from lutein, lycopene 500 mcg and zeaxanthln) other ingredients: ascorbyl palmitate, vegetarian capsule (cellulose, water) 1-2 capsules daily, in divided doses, with meals.
Comment: Silymarin is a flavonoid complex derived from milk thistle (Silybum marianum).
Another extract with high antioxidant activity is silymarin, a standardized mixture of flavonolignans (Figure 1(p)) extracted from the Silybum marianum fruits and seeds [78].
Milk thistle, Silybum marianum from Asteraceae plant family, is a well-known medicinal plant, native to the Mediterranean region of Europe and widely dispersed to many countries throughout the world.
The literature has registered similar trends in growth inhibition of seedlings of the species Silybum marianum (KHATAMIPOUR et al., 2011), Cucurbita maxima (SUBIN; STEFFY, 2013) and Cicer arietinum (FAIZAN et al., 2011).
TEHRAN (FNA)- Iranian researchers produced a type of nanodrug by using the extract of milk thistle (silybum marianum).