Simeon Bekbulatovich

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Simeon Bekbulatovich


(Sain-Bulat before conversion to Christianity). Died Jan. 5 (15), 1616. Kasimov khan; descendant of the khans of the Golden Horde.

Simeon Bekbulatovich first came to Russia in the late 1550’s when his father, Prince Bekbulat, entered the service of Ivan IV Vasil’evich. In the late 1560’s, Simeon became khan of the Kasimov Kingdom. He took part in the Livonian campaigns of the 1570’s. In July 1573 he was baptized, taking the name of Simeon.

In the autumn of 1575, Ivan IV declared Simeon “grand duke of all Rus’” and allotted himself a special appanage. In reality, Ivan retained power in his own hands. After 11 months, Ivan abolished his own appanage, removed Simeon from the “grand dukedom,” and granted him landholdings in Tver’ and Tor-zhok.

Simeon Bekbulatovich became known as “grand duke of Tver,” but lost this title and his lands during the reign of Boris Godunov. In 1606, during the reign of the First False Dmitrii, Simeon took monastic vows under the name of Stefan and entered the Kirill-Belozersk Monastery. He was buried at the Si-monov Monastery in Moscow.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
(8) David Budgen, whose 1984 translation of the article is reproduced in the "Tsar and God" collection with only stylistic changes to its scholarly apparatus, rendered samozvanets as "pretender" and samozvanchestvo as "royal imposture." (9) Uspenskii, however, uses the term samozvanets very broadly, to include not only impostors such as the First False Dmitrii and Emel'ian Pugachev but also the (perceived) usurpers Boris Godunov, Vasilii Shuiskii, and Catherine the Great, as well as "mock tsars" like Simeon Bekbulatovich and Fedor Romodanovskii--placed temporarily on the throne by Ivan IV and Peter the Great, respectively.
In relation to Ivan IV, he discusses not only the case of the tsar's abdication in favor of Simeon Bekbulatovich in 1575, to which Polosin had alluded, but also Ivan's murder in 1567 of the boyar I.
(17) Ivan IV called himself "Ivanets" in a mock-humble petition to Simeon Bekbulatovich in 1575.