Simeon I


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Simeon I,

c.863–927, ruler (893–927) and later first czar of Bulgaria. He was placed on the throne by his father, Boris IBoris I,
d. 907, khan [ruler] of Bulgaria (852–89). Baptized in 864, he introduced Christianity of the Byzantine rite among the Bulgarians. There followed a rivalry between Rome and Constantinople for the loyalty of the Bulgarian church.
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, who had returned from a monastery to depose his first son, Vladimir (reigned 889–93), for attempting to reintroduce paganism. Simeon, ambitious to conquer a vast empire, made duties levied on Bulgarian trade a pretext for attacking the Byzantine emperor Leo VI. Simeon defeated Leo but was defeated in turn by Leo's allies, the MagyarsMagyars
, the dominant people of Hungary, but also living in Romania, Ukraine, Slovakia, and Serbia. Although in the past it was thought a common origin existed among the Magyars, the Huns, the Mongols, and the Turks, modern research has disproved this claim.
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 under Arpad. However, aided by the Pechenegs, he drove the Magyars into their present domain in Hungary. Simeon ravaged the Byzantine Empire, threatened Constantinople several times, and temporarily held Adrianople. He conquered most of Serbia and took (925) the title czar of the Bulgars and autocrat of the Greeks, which was approved (926) by Pope John X. Denying the supremacy of the patriarch at Constantinople, he raised the archbishop of Bulgaria to the rank of patriarch. At his capital, Preslav, Simeon held a court of unprecedented splendor. Under his rule the first Bulgarian empire attained its greatest power, and Church Slavonic literature reached its golden age. An able Greek scholar, Simeon fostered the translation of Greek works into Church Slavonic. During the reign of his son and successor, Peter, the empire was destroyed by internal dissension and foreign attacks.
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References in periodicals archive ?
"Simeon is undoubtedly a bright lad and we are proud of him."
Simeon is now managing his condition well and it has not stopped him from living a very active lifestyle.
A native of Loughborough, Simeon is at the forefront of the modern classical piano scene.
"Anton Ferdinand was brought in to shore up our defence but Simeon is arriving to score goals as they win games.
Once the dust has settled a bit after the big revelation, the camera cuts to Poppy Poata, the girl to whom Simeon is attracted, who asks him if he wants to see a film with her.
Simeon is a classically-trained flautist but he can play more than 20 instruments and is always on the lookout for something different.
Larry Brunner uses that word explicitly to describe Simeon's asceticism, arguing that even if the poem is successful as an example of the dramatic monologue, its subject is a "failure as a positive example and pattern." (1) The idea that Simeon is a failure stems, at least in part, from the sense that for one's life to be a success, one must be true to some inner sense of self.
Simeon is "righteous and devout, looking forward to the consolation of Israel, and the Holy Spirit rests on him." He keeps the Law of Moses.
In a deal that prompts another revision of Tate's concept of political desire, the Duchess's marriage to Simeon is brokered through a gynocentric circuit of influence that begins with Althea, to whom Carter confesses his predicament; continues on to Cleo, whom Althea enlists to confront her father's creditor; and eventually ends at the Duchess, to whom Cleo suggests Simeon as a more valuable acquisition than the elder Binney.
"Simeon looks like he'll handle it any way at all - the thing you can say about Simeon is, when it gets difficult and too firm or soft for some of the
In one respect Simeon is fortunate that an editio princeps of the Vertograd has been so long delayed.