Simmental Cattle

Also found in: Wikipedia.

Simmental Cattle


a breed of cattle raised for milk and meat. The Simmental breed was originally developed in Switzerland; it was imported into many countries because of its high productivity and adaptability. The prolonged grading-up of local cows with Simmental bulls imported from Switzerland led to the creation of such related breeds as the Fleckvieh in Austria and the Federal Republic of Germany, the Montbéli-ard in France, and the Magyartarka in Hungary. Simmentals were imported into Russia in the second half of the 19th century; the bulls were mated with cows of a number of local breeds, including the Gray Ukrainian, Poles’e, Kalmyk, and Kazakh.

Simmental cattle are a mottled pale yellow or, less commonly, a mottled red. The area around the nostrils is pink, and the horns and hooves are a light waxy color. The breed includes several types: dairy, dairy-beef, and beef-dairy.

Simmental bulls weigh 800-1,100 kg, and cows 550-650 kg. The average milk yield per cow is 3,500–4,000 kg (on the best cattle farms, 5,000 kg); the record yield is 14,430 kg. The fat content of the milk is 3.8-3.9 percent (maximum, 6.08 percent). The meat is of satisfactory quality. The dressed percentage is about 60.

The Simmental breed is one of the most widespread cattle breeds in the world. In the USSR it is systematically used to improve cattle in the central chernozem regions, the Lower Volga region, the southern Urals, Western and Eastern Siberia, the Ukrainian SSR, the Byelorussian SSR, the Kazakh SSR, and the western parts of the RSFSR.


Skotovodslvo: Krupnyi rogatyi skot, vol. 1. Moscow, 1961.
Plemina rabota z porodamy velykoi rohatoi khudoby, 2nd ed. Edited by M. A. Kravchenko. Kiev, 1970.


References in periodicals archive ?
Iain, who breeds prizecharlie winning pedigree Simmental cattle, posted some of the results of the testing on the farm's Facebook page.
Milk production and reproduction of imported Simmental cattle at Kazova state farm.
Amongst other special features from a farming angle was the seventh Welsh National Show of Simmental cattle, where the winning entry, the eight-year-old homebred cow Hirwaun Alice, shown by Aled Davies of Cardigan with her October-born heifer calf Hirwaun Holly, went on to become inter breed beef champion of the show.
Some production traits of Holstein, Brown Swiss and Simmental cattle reared in Lalahan Livestock Research Institute.
Therefore, the aim of this research was to determine the effectiveness of direct genetic effect covariance matrix rank reduction on growth traits (weights at 100, 205, 365, 450, 550, and 730 days of age) in a genetic evaluation of Simmental cattle by using principal components analyses, as well as to estimate genetic parameters of each trait considered in the study.
The sampling of the Simmental Cross cattle blood in West Sumatra in this study was divided into three areas based on the size of the Simmental cattle population i.
JOB Keeps a herd of pure Simmental cattle and a flock of Welsh Black Mountain sheep.
The second British Simmental Cattle Society Leading Ladies Pedigree Sale is aiming to top last year's inaugural event, which achieved a 100% clearance and a leading price of 13,000gns for a heifer from Derbyshire breeders B&E Chadwick.
This study was done to evaluate the relationships between some features that affect milk yield in Simmental cattle and was aimed to determine the direct or indirect effects of these features on 305 days milk yield.
Returning from vacation, we had just crossed the cattle guard that kept our purebred Simmental cattle from wandering in the neighborhood, when my dad said, "Ahh, the smell of money.
00pm) Farmer and presenter Dai Jones continues his journey around the country, this time returning to the Welshpool Livestock Market, as well as attending shows and sales of the Charolais, Limousin and Simmental cattle.
Simmental cattle in Azerbaijan as dairy and meat (bothproposeed breed) cattle breed is reared.