Simon, John

Simon, John


Born Oct. 10, 1816, in London; died there July 23, 1904. British physician and surgeon. Member (from 1845) and vice-president (1879–80) of the Royal Society of London.

Beginning in 1847, Simon was a surgeon at St. Thomas’ Hospital, where he lectured on surgery and taught a course in general pathology. This course was the basis for the first handbook on general pathology in Great Britain, which Simon published in 1850. Simon became the medical officer of health for the city of London in 1848 and the first medical officer for the General Board of Health in 1855. He was the first medical officer to the Privy Council from 1858 to 1871.

In 1854, Simon reported that the high morbidity and mortality rates characteristic of the working class were the result of unfavorable and unsanitary living conditions. He advocated the implementation of preventive medicine and defined the duties and work methods of a physician. He insisted upon the creation of a central public-health organization.

Simon headed a group of specialists and physicians who conducted social hygiene research; this group included E. Greenhow, E. Smith, J. Hunter, G. Buchanan, E. Seaton, and G. Stephens. The results of this work were used by K. Marx in establishing a number of theoretical concepts in the first volume of Das Kapital.

F. Engels wrote “J. Simon … is possibly the last of the old, professional, and conscientious officials of the era of 1840–60, for whom the interests of the bourgeoisie were constantly the main obstacle in performing his duty and who was forced to always fight against them” (K. Marx and F. Engels, Soch., 2nd ed. vol. 35, p. 182).


Reports Relating to the Sanitary Condition of the City of London. London, 1854.
Public Health Reports, vols. 1–2. London, 1887.
English Sanitary Institutions, Reviewed in Their Course of Development and in Some of Their Political and Social Relations, 2nd ed. London, 1897.


Vengrova, I. V. Iz istorii sotsial’noi gigieny ν Anglii XIX veka. Moscow, 1970.
Lambert, R. Sir John Simon 1816–1904 and English Social Administration. London, 1963.


References in periodicals archive ?
The group included my school pals, Alan Simon, John Tetlow, a talented young bass player called Tom McDermott and various drummers including John Carney.
Like Isaiah, Paul, Simon, John and James, we are called to break new ground and lead the way where others may fear to tread.
The boys - Simon, John Taylor, 50, Roger Taylor, 50, and Nick Rhodes, 48 - have gone back to basics with a cool live feel on All You Need Is Now, produced by hitmaker Mark Ronson.
Love, Gerald, Helen, Simon, John, Marie, Terry and Evan.
The interior lobby will be surrounded by steel-and-stone panels that will feature a wall display of the multiple gold and platinum records recorded at The Hit Factory by acclaimed artists such as Paul Simon, John Lennon, Barbra Streisand and Bruce Springsteen.
WILD BOYS: The; Duranies are, from left, John Taylor, Nick Rhodes, Simon Le Bon, Andy Taylor and Roger Taylor; YOUNG GUNS; Simon, John and Nick when five became three
Simon, John, Nick, Andy and Roger sang, danced and charmed their way through a set which would have pleased the most die-hard Duranies.
Para finalizar el mes de enero, el trompetista Humberto Ramirez presento su disco Miles Latino en un concierto realizado el dia 30, acompanado por Justo Almario, Edward Simon, John Benitez, Horacio "El Negro" Hernandez y Richie Flores.
The bulk of the book is addressed to the work of Jacques Maritain, but there are insightful chapters on Yves Simon, John Locke, Aurel Kolnai, and James Schall, and others where Hittinger discusses the role of virtue in the maintenance of democratic institutions.
Speed said: ``We have Craig, Simon, John and Ryan going forward and from where I'm watching from at left back it was just a joy to see.
The Democrats added four strong liberals to their ranks in the Senate: Paul Simon, John Kerry, Albert Gore Jr.
Duranies past and present will be united in welcoming the return of Simon, John, Andy, Roger and Nick and (Reach Up For The) Sunrise must surely be a sign of future greatness.