Buckner, Simon Bolivar

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Buckner, Simon Bolivar,

1823–1914, Confederate general, b. Hart co., Ky., grad. West Point, 1844. In 1860, Buckner, a Louisville businessman, secured passage of a bill creating a large Kentucky militia and as inspector general trained it. Although he attempted to keep Kentucky neutral during the Civil War, when the legislature became strongly Unionist he took a commission as Confederate brigadier general (Sept., 1861). At Fort DonelsonFort Donelson
, Confederate fortification in the Civil War, on the Cumberland River at Dover, Tenn., commanding the river approach to Nashville, Tenn. After capturing Fort Henry, on the Tennessee River (Feb. 6, 1862), General Ulysses S. Grant, on Feb.
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 (Feb., 1862) he surrendered to Grant and was taken prisoner but was soon exchanged and promoted to major general. He fought in Bragg's invasion of Kentucky (Oct., 1862), Mobile (Dec., 1862–63), and Chattanooga (Sept., 1863), and commanded the Dept. of East Tennessee (May–Aug., 1863) and Louisiana from 1864 to the end of the war. Later he was editor of the Louisville Courier and governor of Kentucky (1887–91).


See biography by A. M. Stickles (1940).

Buckner, Simon Bolivar

(1823–1914) Confederate soldier; born near Munfordville, Ky. He graduated from West Point in 1844 and saw extensive action during the Mexican War. Buckner entered Confederate service as a brigadier general in September 1861. In February 1862, after his two senior officers escaped to safety, he surrendered Fort Donelson, Ky., to General Grant after receiving Grant's famous "unconditional surrender" message; exchanged later in 1862, Buckner commanded a wing of Bragg's army at Chickamauga. After the war, he edited a Louisville newspaper and served as Democratic governor of Kentucky from 1887 to 1892.
References in periodicals archive ?
The headquarters chosen was Tenth Army which had been activated in June of 1944 under Lieutenant General Simon Bolivar Buckner for an invasion of Formosa, but was diverted to Okinawa in April 1945, where he was KIA, June 18.
and his predecessor in command was Simon Bolivar Buckner, Jr.
Seven Stars: The Okinawa Battle Diaries of Simon Bolivar Buckner, Jr.
Mark Clark, Simon Bolivar Buckner, and Douglas MacArthur also fare poorly, as does Chester Nimitz, whom Millett and Murray characterize as very cautious.
Grant (early February); repulsed a Union gunboat attack (February 14) and, aided by Generals Gideon Pillow and Simon Bolivar Buckner, directed a nearly successful breakout attempt (February 15); escaped by water with Pillow and a few troops, leaving Buckner to surrender the fort (February 16); soon thereafter he was summarily relieved of his post by Jefferson Davis; appointed major general of Virginia troops; his health failed, and he died near Abingdon (August 26, 1863).