Simon de Montfort

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Montfort, Simon de

(mŏnt`fərt, Fr. môNfôr`), c.1160–1218, count of Montfort and earl of Leicester. A participant in the Fourth Crusade (1202–4), he did not join in the sack of Constantinople, but instead proceeded to Syria. He later led the crusade against the AlbigensesAlbigenses
[Lat.,=people of Albi, one of their centers], religious sect of S France in the Middle Ages. Beliefs and Practices

Officially known as heretics, they were actually Cathari, Provençal adherents of a doctrine similar to the Manichaean dualistic
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. Capable, ambitious, and fanatically religious, he commanded the Crusaders who remained in S France after the taking (1209) of Carcassone and, with papal approval, was elected viscount of Béziers and of Carcassone by the armies. In 1211 he attacked the remaining territories of Raymond VIRaymond VI,
1156–1222, count of Toulouse (c.1194–1222). His tolerant attitude toward the Albigenses resulted in his repeated excommunication, although he temporarily made peace with the church in 1209.
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 of Toulouse and overran all but Toulouse and Montauban. Pope Innocent III attempted to make him recognize Peter IIPeter II,
1174–1213, king of Aragón (1196–1213) and count of Barcelona, son and successor of Alfonso II. He had himself crowned (1204) at Rome by Pope Innocent III, whom he accepted as overlord of Aragón and Catalonia.
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 of Aragón as overlord, but in 1213 Simon defeated Peter and Raymond at Muret. He was proclaimed lord of Toulouse and Montauban by the Crusaders (1215), and his title was confirmed by the pope at the Lateran Council. Raymond recaptured (1217) some of his territories, and Simon renewed the warfare; he was killed while besieging Toulouse. Through his mother he claimed the English earldom of Leicester, to which his right was intermittently recognized by King John. His son was Simon de Montfort, the leader of the English barons.

Montfort, Simon de


Earl of Leicester. Born circa 1208 in Montfort, He de France; died Aug. 4, 1265, in Evesham. English political figure, one of the leaders of the baronial opposition to King Henry III.

De Montfort was among the authors of the Provisions of Oxford (1258), which sharply curtailed royal authority in favor of the barons. He contributed to the issuance of the Provisions of Westminster in 1259 and to the introduction of other measures that took into account the interests of the lesser knights and urban dwellers.

After civil war broke out in 1263, De Montfort and his supporters gained a victory over royal forces at Lewes on May 14, 1264. Becoming de facto dictator, or lord protector, of England, he summoned the first parliament in January 1265, thus laying the foundation for representation according to social estate in England. De Montfort’s forces were defeated by royal troops at Evesham, where he was killed in battle.


Gutnova, E. V. Vozniknovenie angliiskogo par/amenta. Moscow, 1960.
References in periodicals archive ?
NAOMI MATTHEW: 2.10 Satwa Moon, 2.45 Simon De Montfort (nap), 3.25 Finjaan (nb), 4.00 Zebedee, 4.35 Start Right, 5.05 Golden Hinde, 5.40 Anhar.
GOODWOOD: 2.10 Satwa Moon, 2.45 SIMON DE MONTFORT (NAP), 3.25 Finjaan, 4.00 Zebedee, 4.35 Start Right, 5.05 Golden Hinde, 5.40 Anhar.
The bay window of the adjacent extensively atted and equipped breakfast kitchen has delightful parkland views towards the listed Leicester Tower, built by the Rudge family, in 1842, to commemorate Simon de Montfort.
Comte Simon de Montfort ou bien la reconquete de ces terres par Raymond
In 1210 Minerve was the scene of a massacre ordered by crusader Simon De Montfort, who had captured the village after a siege.
In a relief of the thirteenth century, dedicated to giving thanks for the victory over the Albigenses (a Neo-Manichean sect that flourished in southern France at that time), we see the Holy Virgin, Simon de Montfort, and Saint Dominic with a Rosary in his hands.
Simon de Montfort's charter of circa 1231 stated `No Jew or Jewess in my time, or in the time of any of my heirs to the end of the world, shall inhabit or remain, or obtain a residence, in Leicester.'
Then, along came Simon de Montfort. Born in France, he went to England- in 1230.
Thomas Heffernan examines the cult of Simon de Montfort: a clear case of hagiography for political ends, and, like all saints' lives, a genre where historical fact and literary convention again make endless compromises.
At first Henry lavished honours on Simon de Montfort because his French possessions made him a valuable ally.
According to one tradition, Robin Hood and Little John were two heroes defeated with Simon de Montfort at the battle of Evesham.