Simuliidae


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.
Related to Simuliidae: Black flies

Simuliidae

[‚sim·yə′lī·ə‚dē]
(invertebrate zoology)
The black flies, a family of orthorrhaphous dipteran insects in the series Nematocera.

Simuliidae

 

(blackflies), a family of bloodsucking dipterous insects. The body length ranges from 1.5 to 7 mm. There are more than 1,200 species, distributed everywhere, from the tundra to the deserts. More than 300 species are found in the USSR. Blackflies usually winter in the egg phase; rarely do they winter in the larval one. They bear one to three or four generations a year. The larva and pupa develop in water, primarily in flowing water. Adults live outside the water. The males feed on plant juices, while the females are generally bloodsuckers. The insects are most active in the morning and evening. Their saliva is toxic.

Blackflies are carriers of the causative agents of helminthiases of man and animals (for example, onchocerciasis), as well as of leucocytozoon diseases of chickens, geese, ducks, pigeons, and turkeys. They are nonspecific carriers of the causative agents of a number of infectious diseases of man (for example, tularemia). Measures of individual protection include the use of curtains and nets treated with repellents. The larvae can be destroyed by using emulsions of insecticides.

REFERENCES

Rubtsov, I. A. Moshki (semeistvo Simuliidae), 2nd ed. Moscow-Leningrad, 1956. (Fauna SSSR: Nasekomye dvukrylye, vol. 6, issue 6.)
Pavlovskii, E. N. Zashchita ot gnusa (komarov, moshek, moskitov, slepnei, i dr.). Moscow-Leningrad, 1941.

I. A. RUBTSOV

References in periodicals archive ?
120.37 8.96 Traverhyphes 136.11 5.75 FM Simuliidae 162.04 22.42 (44.83) Orthocladiinae 101.85 21.98 Camelobaetidius 125.93 19.77 Smicridea 74.54 13.01 Chironominae 34.72 7.19 NFS Chironominae 61.03 89.85 (10.66) Orthocladiinae 31.57 6.50 NFM Chironominae 555.56 76.42 (30.15) Nematoda 103.11 12.03 Diptera (pupae) 56.82 8.05 FS=Functional knickzone in September 2012; FM=Functional knickzone in May 2013; NFS = Non-functional knickzone in September 2012; NFM = Non-functional knickzone in May 2013.
Reproductive status and continuity of taxa of the Simulium arcticum complex (Diptera: Simuliidae) at the Clearwater River, Montana (2007, 2008, and 2009).
Mediante el analisis de Conglomerados, se pudo evidenciar claramente el primer agrupamiento de aquellos taxa abundantes espacio-temporalmente, resaltando la familia Baetidae, seguida por Leptophlebiidae, Gripopterygidae, Simuliidae, Chironomidae y Oligochaeta.
Se evidencio que Baetodes, Andesiops y Cricotopus son los generos que mas aportaron a las zonas control y con impacto minero, mientras en agricultura fue Simulium (Diptera: Simuliidae) tipicos de zonas perturbadas.
On the swarming of Austrosimulium pestilens MacKerras and MacKerras (Diptera: Simuliidae).
(2007)) Elminae sp1 Psephenidae Psephenus Haldeman, 1853 Eubriinae sp1 Scirtidae Diptera Blephariceridae Ceratopogonidae Atrichopogon Kieffer, 1906 Bezzia Kieffer, 1899 Chaoboridae Chironomidae Dixidae Empididae Muscidae Psychodidae Simuliidae Simulium anamariae Vulcano, 1962 Simulium incrustatum Lutz, 1910 Stratiomyidae Tabanidae Tipulidae Hymenoptera Diapriidae Scelionidae Table 3.
Insects recovered from Heliconia inflorescence (bracts) included a range of flower feeding or detritivorous Diptera, including species of Bibionidae, Drosophilidae, Tephritidae, Richardiidae, Simuliidae, Syrphidae, Chironomidae and Sciaridae.
Las familias Anyphaenidae (Aranae), Forficulidae (Dermaptera) Dryomyzidae, Micropezidae, Otitidae, Simuliidae, Tanyderidae y Trichoceridae (Diptera); Pyrrhocoridae (Hemiptera); Bethylidae (Hymenoptera); Hemerobiidae (Neuroptera) y Pulicidae (Siphonaptera) no habian sido registradas en los estudios de artropofauna de humedales en la Sabana de Bogota.
This attachment is practiced by some aquatic dipterans among the Chironomidae, Simuliidae, and Ceratopogonidae.