Simushir


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Simushir

 

an island in the central part of the Greater Kuril Chain, in Sakhalin Oblast, RSFSR. Simushir is 58 km long and 6-10 km wide; at the Kostochko Isthmus it narrows to 2.5 km. The island consists of a chain of volcanic domes joined by foothills. Active volcanoes include the Prevo (1,360 m), the Zava-ritskii Caldera, and the Goriashchaia Sopka. Major volcanoes that have recently erupted are the Mil’na (1,539 m) and the Uratman, whose enormous caldera is occupied by Broutona Bay. The slopes are covered with alder and birch krummholz, and the shore is occupied by a marine marsh with scattered dwarf Kuril bamboo. Simushir has one population center, Kitoboinyi.

References in periodicals archive ?
The Canadian Forces' joint rescue coordination center in Victoria said the Russian carrier Simushir lost power late Thursday night off Haida Gwaii, also known as the Queen Charlotte Islands, as it was making its way from Washington state to Russia.
Ron MacDougall said the Simushir, which is about 440 feet long, was carrying ''a range of hydrocarbons, mining materials and other related chemicals.
5 and an epicenter near the desert island of Simushir on its Pacific side occurred two hours later.
2-magnitude quake near Simushir raised fears of an imminent tsunami.