Sinai


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Sinai

(sī`nī), triangular peninsula, c.23,000 sq mi (59,570 sq km), NE Egypt. It is c.230 mi (370 km) long and 150 mi (240 km) wide and extends north into a broad isthmus linking Africa and Asia. Sinai is bounded on the E by the Gulf of Aqaba and on the W by the Gulf of Suez, which is linked to the Mediterranean Sea by the Suez Canal; the Negev desert is to the northeast. Level and sandy in the north, Sinai rises to the south in granitic ridges; Mt. Catherine (Arabic Jabal Katrinah), c.8,650 ft (2,640 m), is the highest peak. Sharm el Sheikh, or Sharm ash Shaykh, a strategic promontory overlooking the Strait of Tiran, is near the southern tip of Sinai, at the mouth of the Gulf of Aqaba. Sinai has a very hot and dry climate and is sparsely vegetated; abandoned watercourses indicate that the region was once humid. Limestone quarrying and oil drilling are the main economic activities; nomadic herding is practiced. Jabal Musa [Arab.,=mount of Moses], or Mt. Sinai, c.7,500 ft (2,290 m), is said to be the place where Moses received the Ten Commandments; however, some authorities suggest that the site could have been any one of several nearby peaks. On Jabal Musa is the famed Greek Orthodox monastery of St. Catherine, founded c.A.D. 250; in 1844 the Codex Sinaiticus, one of the oldest manuscripts of the New Testament, was found there. (The manuscripts were purchased from the USSR by the British Museum in 1933, and by 1950 the 3,000 volumes were microfilmed.) In ancient times Sinai was ruled by the Arabs of Petra; however, for most of its history it was under the Egyptian kings, who worked its copper mines. Sinai was the scene of fighting during the Arab-Israeli Wars of 1956, 1967, and 1973. Israel occupied, then withdrew from, the peninsula in 1956. In 1967, Israel again drove the Egyptians from Sinai, establishing a defense line along the Suez Canal and capturing strategic outposts overlooking the Gulf of Aqaba. In the 1973 war, the Egyptian army crossed the Suez Canal and recaptured territory in the Sinai; still, Israel retained control over a large part of it. Under the Camp David accords (1978) and Egyptian-Israeli peace treaty (1979), Israel returned virtually the whole of Sinai back to Egypt; the process was completed in 1982. The remaining border area of Taba, at the tip of the peninsula, was negotiated and relinquished by Israel in the early 1990s. Overall, the Sinai is sparsely populated, although some Bedouins and tourists dwell in the seaboard towns on the Gulf of Aqaba and along the Red Sea.

Sinai

1. a mountainous peninsula of NE Egypt at the N end of the Red Sea, between the Gulf of Suez and the Gulf of Aqaba: occupied by Israel in 1967; fully restored by 1982
2. Mount. the mountain where Moses received the Law from God (Exodus 19--20): often identified as Jebel Musa, sometimes as Jebel Serbal, both on the S Sinai Peninsula
References in periodicals archive ?
Meanwhile, four citizens were decapitated by IS militants on Wednesday in Al-Arish-Al Qantara highway road in North Sinai, according to tribal sources.
"I'm proud that Cinespace has been able to give back to Sinai Health System during the past five years and we look forward to making an even greater impact during the next five years," he added.
On January 11, 2019, the Egyptian army successfully used a drone to kill 11 terrorists who were driving in a car and on two motorcycles to carry out a terror attack in the vicinity of the town of Bir al-Abad in northern Sinai. However, terrorist attacks continue on a daily basis despite the massive presence of the Egyptian army in the area.
Mount Sinai and South Nassau are positioned to expand access to innovative approaches in patient care, treatment, and research to the communities of Long Island.
Cairo: The Sinai Peninsula once had a reputation as one of the Egypt's most attractive places to visit as a foreign tourist, offering world-class resorts, rugged landscapes and incredible diving.
Egypt-based Islamic State affiliate Wilayat Sinai is one of the most formidable of the Islamic State franchises.
Mount Sinai Downtown will be anchored by a new MSBI inpatient hospital with operating and procedure rooms, and a brand-new state-of-the-art Emergency Department, located two blocks from the current MSBI.
Sinai is Safe connects young Cairenes with the Bedouin of the south Sinai to explore the desert landscape, sandy mountains and wadis worlds away from Egypt's crowded cities.
At least 5 Egyptian soldiers were killed in an attack on two military checkpoints by alleged militants in the north of the Sinai peninsula, according to media reports on Sunday.
Violence in the Sinai Peninsula surged in 2013 when Islamist president Mohamed Morsi was ousted after mass popular protests.
Sinai, who earned a doctorate in mathematics at Moscow State University in 1963, has published about 250 research papers and a number of books.
PNN An Egyptian military source told the London-based Arabic-language al-Hayat newspaper on Thursday morning that Egyptian army forces have killed 32 members of Hamas and arrested several others over the past few days in the Sinai Peninsula.