Sinai


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

Sinai

(sī`nī), triangular peninsula, c.23,000 sq mi (59,570 sq km), NE Egypt. It is c.230 mi (370 km) long and 150 mi (240 km) wide and extends north into a broad isthmus linking Africa and Asia. Sinai is bounded on the E by the Gulf of Aqaba and on the W by the Gulf of Suez, which is linked to the Mediterranean Sea by the Suez Canal; the Negev desert is to the northeast. Level and sandy in the north, Sinai rises to the south in granitic ridges; Mt. Catherine (Arabic Jabal Katrinah), c.8,650 ft (2,640 m), is the highest peak. Sharm el Sheikh, or Sharm ash Shaykh, a strategic promontory overlooking the Strait of Tiran, is near the southern tip of Sinai, at the mouth of the Gulf of Aqaba. Sinai has a very hot and dry climate and is sparsely vegetated; abandoned watercourses indicate that the region was once humid. Limestone quarrying and oil drilling are the main economic activities; nomadic herding is practiced. Jabal Musa [Arab.,=mount of Moses], or Mt. Sinai, c.7,500 ft (2,290 m), is said to be the place where Moses received the Ten Commandments; however, some authorities suggest that the site could have been any one of several nearby peaks. On Jabal Musa is the famed Greek Orthodox monastery of St. Catherine, founded c.A.D. 250; in 1844 the Codex Sinaiticus, one of the oldest manuscripts of the New Testament, was found there. (The manuscripts were purchased from the USSR by the British Museum in 1933, and by 1950 the 3,000 volumes were microfilmed.) In ancient times Sinai was ruled by the Arabs of Petra; however, for most of its history it was under the Egyptian kings, who worked its copper mines. Sinai was the scene of fighting during the Arab-Israeli Wars of 1956, 1967, and 1973. Israel occupied, then withdrew from, the peninsula in 1956. In 1967, Israel again drove the Egyptians from Sinai, establishing a defense line along the Suez Canal and capturing strategic outposts overlooking the Gulf of Aqaba. In the 1973 war, the Egyptian army crossed the Suez Canal and recaptured territory in the Sinai; still, Israel retained control over a large part of it. Under the Camp David accords (1978) and Egyptian-Israeli peace treaty (1979), Israel returned virtually the whole of Sinai back to Egypt; the process was completed in 1982. The remaining border area of Taba, at the tip of the peninsula, was negotiated and relinquished by Israel in the early 1990s. Overall, the Sinai is sparsely populated, although some Bedouins and tourists dwell in the seaboard towns on the Gulf of Aqaba and along the Red Sea.

Sinai

1. a mountainous peninsula of NE Egypt at the N end of the Red Sea, between the Gulf of Suez and the Gulf of Aqaba: occupied by Israel in 1967; fully restored by 1982
2. Mount. the mountain where Moses received the Law from God (Exodus 19--20): often identified as Jebel Musa, sometimes as Jebel Serbal, both on the S Sinai Peninsula
References in periodicals archive ?
In the March 2004 issue of EHP, the Mount Sinai researchers reported finding that infants exposed to chlorpyrifos in utero were born with smaller head circumferences, but only if their mothers also had low levels of PON1 activity, says center scientist James Wetmur, a professor of microbiology and human genetics.
Established in 1985, the SLRI at Mount Sinai Hospital in Toronto is one of the world's leading centres for biomedical research.
Bates and Sinai complain, though, that the new plan does not allow for more community involvement.
One note: the locus of the mountain of the Lord is changed from Sinai to Zion.
Mount Sinai has spent time and effort inviting the community in to be at the park,'' Lawrence said, ``to understand cultural significance.
Sinai said her company is moving from its East 57th Street office here to a new home at 302 Fifth Ave.
The Cushman & Wakefield team of Jonathon Serko, senior director, and Kirsten Monier-Riley represented Mount Sinai NYU Health in the transaction, which has an aggregate value of $30 million.
He also confirmed the opening of an experimental plant to assemble solar panels at the Sinai Industrial School, during the experimental opening of a factory to assemble the LED lamps provided by Abu Zneima Industrial School.
The IPO will be limited to Egyptian citizens residing in North Sinai and South Sinai provinces as well as the Suez Canal provinces of Port Said, Ismailia, and Suez, which ensures that the investment returns will go to citizens in Sinai.
In 2004, Tawhid wal Jihad, a predecessor group to Wilayat Sinai, targeted tourists with bombings in the South Sinai resort towns of Taba and Nuweiba.
beaucoup moins que]Tous les Israeliens se trouvant dans le Sinai sont appeles a quitter la region et a revenir en IsraE1/2l[beaucoup plus grand que], lit-on dans un communique du Bureau israelien de la lutte antiterroriste.
I recently cultivated that love by organising and chairing the first international academic multidisciplinary conference on the development of Sinai followed by a field trip to the north, middle and south parts of Sinai.