Sinai Peninsula

Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Sinai Peninsula


a peninsula in western Asia, situated between the Gulfs of Suez and Aqaba of the Red Sea; part of Egypt. Area, 25,000 sq km.

Mountains, composed of granites, gneisses, and schists, dominate the southern part of the Sinai Peninsula; at 2,637 m, Mount Katrinah is the highest point in Egypt. To the north the land descends to elevations of 500-1,000 m; the highly dissected rocky plateau al-’Ajmah Jabal and part of the al-Tih plateau cover most of the peninsula. A narrow, sandy lowland stretches along the Gulf of Suez.

The Sinai Peninsula has deposits of oil at Sudr, Abu-Rudays, and al-Tur and deposits of manganese ore at Umm Bugma. The climate, at the point of transition from subtropical to tropical, is hot and dry. Annual precipitation is less than 50 mm. The Sinai Peninsula has no permanent rivers, only a dense network of wadis. It has sparse desert vegetation—subshrubs and ephemeral grasses. Thornbush and isolated trees grow along the dry riverbeds. Nomadic herdsmen raise sheep, goats, and camels. Date palms, barley, millet, and maize are cultivated in the oases.

Among the best-known works of art and architecture in the Sinai Peninsula is the Monastery of St. Catherine, founded in the fourth century. The monastery has a rich collection of medieval manuscripts and Byzantine art. Its icon painters, using the wax-painting technique, created some of the oldest Christian icons (sixth century); the vivid images of the icons are reminiscent of the Fayyum portraits.


Pamiatniki Sinaia arkheologicheskie i paleograficheskie, fase. 1-2. St. Petersburg-Leningrad, 1912-25.
Soteriu, G. kai M. Eikones tes mones Sina, vols. 1-2. Athens, 1956-58. (In Greek and French.) [23–1212–]
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Israel's military has also been investing extensive efforts in locating cross-border tunnels from Gaza and has destroyed 15 terror tunnels that infiltrated into Israeli territory this past year, including one tunnel that stretched into both Israel and Egypt's Sinai Peninsula near the Kerem Shalom crossing.
The Interior Ministry of Egypt said in a statement on Wednesday that terrorists killed 8 Egyptian security personnel at a security checkpoint in Egypt's restive Sinai Peninsula.
A militant insurgency hit the Sinai Peninsula in 2013, when the army led by Abdel-Fattah al-Sisi ousted Egypt's first freely elected president Mohamed Morsi.
26 after a military court convicted and sentenced them to death over a 2013 attack on a military checkpoint in the Sinai Peninsula. An officer and eight soldiers were killed in that attack.
Over the course of the last two years, the Egyptian armed forces launched counter-attacks against militants across the Sinai peninsula, where the group is based, particularly in the cities of Sheikh Zuweid, Rafah, and Al-Arish.
Abdulwahab Al-Bader, director general of KFAED, said that Al-Arish, the capital city of the Sinai Peninsula, which suffers from a lack of drinking water, will also be included in the project, according to a report from WAM.
BEIRUT: Hezbollah Wednesday condemned the deadly bombings in Tunis and Egypt's Sinai Peninsula which together killed at least 20 people a day earlier, blaming foreign countries for fueling terrorism in the region.
The decision comes following the October 31 st incident that saw a Russian aircraft crash in the Sinai Peninsula killing all 224 people on board.
Petersburg, Russia, from the Sinai Peninsula, as Russia observed a day of mourning.
The extremists took responsibility for a rocket strike on an Egyptian Navy frigate near the Sinai Peninsula Thursday, publishing photos of the attack on Twitter.
President Abdul-Fattah Al-Sissi has ordered the extension of the current state of emergency in the Sinai Peninsula for a further three months, a presidential statement said on Saturday.