Sinclair Research


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Sinclair Research

(company)
A British microelectronics developer and manufacturer. Evolving from Sinclair Radionics in 1979, Sinclair Research was owned by Sir Clive Sinclair. Sinclair Radionics produced electronic components and devices (such as calculators and pocket radios and televisions), but Sinclair Research began by producing some of the first 8-bit home microcomputers.

Sinclair produced five microcomputers from 1980 to 1987, all based on the Zilog Z80 microprocessor (except for the QL, which used the Motorola 68008 - a variant on the 68000). The 1K kit-build ZX80, introduced in 1980, was followed by the 1K ZX81 (expandable to 16K) in 1981, the 16K (expandable to 48K) ZX Spectrum in 1982 (then superseded by two distinct 48K models and a 128K model in 1986) and the QL (Quantum Leap) in 1984. A portable laptop computer, the Z88, was released in 1987 under the Cambridge Computers banner.

Of them all, the ZX Spectrum was the best known, and it went on to become the most popular microcomputer of its time in the United Kingdom and in many other territories. This was partly due to its ease of use, and also due to its enormous software catalogue, covering games, word processing, music, programming and graphics. Glorious "mine's-better-than-yours" battles were fought (and still are today) between owners of Spectrums and Commodore 64s over who had the best machine.

Sir Clive's financial problems in the mid-80s led him to sell the rights to the Sinclair brand to Amstrad in April 1986. This led to further models of the Spectrum being released from 1986 to 1988 and also an IBM PC-compatible based internally on Amstrad's own PC range. Sir Clive was not involved with the production of these computers, and no computer with the Sinclair name has been produced since.

http://sinclair-research.co.uk/. Planet Sinclair. comp.sys.sinclair FAQ.
References in periodicals archive ?
Sir Clive, manager and owner of Sinclair Research, said in 1979 he had been part of a team of four which developed two home computers, the ZX 80 and ZX 81.
En 1980 dejo Sinclair Radionics para crear Sinclair Research y presento la Sinclair ZX80.
IN the early 1980s, Sinclair Research took the lead in the personal computer market.
Sinclair bailed out and set up Sinclair Research, which in 1981 brought out the ZX80, the first microcomputer for less than pounds 100.
Other Birthdays: American stage and film director Peter Bogdanovich, 62; Admiral Sir John Brigstocke, C-in-C Naval Home Command, 56; singer and songwriter Kate Bush, 43; opera singer Teresa Cahill, 57; actress Frances de la Tour, 57; Labour politician Harriet Harman, 51; Sir Clive Sinclair, chairman of Sinclair Research Ltd, 61; Olympic athlete Daley Thompson, 43; Vice-Admiral Sir Peter Woodhead, 62.
He also helped establish the summer course in printing ink technology at Lehigh University, and was eventually responsible for establishing the NPIRI optic laboratory at the Lehigh Sinclair Research Center.
Sir Clive Sinclair, who heads up London-based Sinclair Research, is planning to release a portable computer, running Linux, at roughly half the cost of a Windows-based machine.
The studies were completed in conjunction with Sinclair Research, based in Columbia, Missouri, Charles River Labs, MPI and Althea Labs, which have been the company's outside independent collaborators on both studies.
LX201 is also the subject of a poster presentation on April 28 by researchers from Lux Biosciences and collaborators at North Carolina State University, the University of Missouri, Sinclair Research Center and Contract Kinetica detailing the results of a preclinical safety and pharmacokinetic study that support the use of the implant in cornea transplant patients.
Prior to Thomson Multimedia, Saini was with Sinclair Research Ltd in Winchester designing communication devices.
Presented to the preclinical CRO that offers lower cost alternatives, the Toxy goes to Sinclair Research in Columbia, MO.