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(sĭn`dē), language belonging to the Indic group of the Indo-Iranian subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages. See Indo-IranianIndo-Iranian,
subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages, spoken by more than a billion people, chiefly in Afghanistan, Bangladesh, India, Iran, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka (see The Indo-European Family of Languages, table).
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The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a people who constitute the principal population of the historical Sind region of Pakistan; some Sindhi also live in India. The Sindhi, who number 9.7 million (1971 estimate), speak the Sindhi language. The majority are Sunnites, but those in India are mostly Hindus.

The Sindhi are one of the most ancient peoples of the Indus Valley. Their culture shows the influence of the many conquerors who invaded Sind over the ages: the Greeks and the Macedonians, the Saka and the Ephthalites (White Huns), the Arabs, and the Afghan, Iranian, and Turkic peoples. Most of the Sindhi are land cultivators, cattle breeders, or fishermen, but some are employed in industry. The Sindhi played an active part in the national liberation struggle against the English colonialists.


Narody luzhnoi Azii. Moscow, 1963. [23–1235–]
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
She said that native Sindhi intellectuals' works in Persian are also available in abundance.
Mirza Qaleech Baig's grandson Mirza Aijaz Baig said that his grandfather was father of modern Sindhi literature to which he had devoted his entire life.
It also stressed on the arbitrary kidnappings in Sindh by the Pakistani Army and the human rights abuses including attacks on the unity of Sindh by the Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) sponsored organisations who allegedly want to divide Sindhi and Urdu speaking Sindhis in Sindh.
Sindhi literature has always been rooted in a strong social consciousness.
Besides, Shaikh Ayaz as a literary icon and role model of Sindhi society he was awarded 'Sitara-i-Imtiaz' for his literary services while he always remembered as a revolutionary and romantic poet.
Sindhis in Sindh and Sindhi Diaspora all over the world celebrate this day to demonstrate the peaceful identity of Sindhi culture and acquire the attention of the world towards the rich heritage and culture of Sindh.
Chand said like Arabic, Sindhi is also written from right to left, but has more letters (52) though.
The notification asked the schools offering the Cambridge system that they add Sindhi language to the curriculum from classes III to VII, and within the GCE examination as a subject to help and facilitate the students in learning the provincial language.
Shaikh Ayaz introduced modern trends in Sindhi, Urdu poetry and literature; he wrote more than 50 books on poetry, play biography, article and short-story in both Sindhi and Urdu languages and translated Shah-Jo-Risalo in Urdu.
Sindhi Seva Samiti extended its vision of providing education at an affordable price by starting the Sindhi Seva School & Sindhi Academy of Skills at Hebbal, as a philanthropic gesture to integrate less privileged children into the mainstream of education and continues with a positive response.
He lauded the efforts of WWF and author of dictionary Dr Al Murtaza Dharejo for bringing out pioneering dictionary in Sindhi.
The taxi driver chuckled, and told us that although he was from Gujrat, he too was Sindhi, eliciting happy gasps from all of us.

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