Siouan


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Siouan

(so͞o`ən), branch of Native American languages belonging to the Hokan-Siouan linguistic family, or stock, of North and Central America (including Mexico). See Native American languagesNative American languages,
languages of the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere and their descendants. A number of the Native American languages that were spoken at the time of the European arrival in the New World in the late 15th cent.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Siouan

 

a large family of languages spoken by many North American Indian tribes, which in the 17th and 18th centuries occupied an extensive area from the Mississippi River in the east to the Rocky Mountains in the west and from the Saskatchewan River in the north to the Arkansas River in the south.

The Sioux tribes were divided into three linguistic groups: Chiwere (the Iowa, Oto, and Missouri tribes), Dhegiha (the Kansa, Quapaw, Omaha, Osage, and Ponca), and Mandan (the Winnebago, Dakota, Crow, Mandan, and Hidatsa). Before the discovery of North America by Europeans, the ancestors of the Sioux lived in the southeast of North America and were among the founders of an advanced agricultural culture. Today’s Sioux Indians, who number approximately 100,000 (1973, estimate), are scattered on reservations in the USA and Canada. Working for hire is their main source of livelihood. The Sioux are active participants in the American Indian national liberation movement. [23–1432–]

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In addition to these variations and conflicts among Virginia's Algonquian-speaking peoples, the Iroquoian and Siouan speakers who represented the primary (non-English) threats to Algonquian hegemony provide further proof of the nature of precontact relations among Virginia Indians.
Originally, there were seven nations of people who all spoke mutually understandable dialects of the Siouan language.
Dorsey, "A Study of Siouan Cults," Bureau of American Ethnology 11th Annual Report (1889-90), 378.
"Wakan: Plains Siouan Concepts of Power." The Anthropology of Power: Ethnographic Studies from Asia, Oceania, and the New World.
Historically and culturally, the study might have been rendered even more potent by attention to the tribes of the high plains of the U.S., especially the many Siouan tribes of the Dakotas, the Cheyenne, and the Arapaho-Gros Ventres.
Within this vast region are two subregions, the High Plains and the Prairies, which were home to American Indian tribal groups from six language families - Siouan, Caddoan, Algonquian, Athapascan, Uto-Aztecan, and Kiowa-Tanoan - plus the language isolate, Tonkawa.
She notes that scholars have often glossed the diverse languages and cultures of the Algonquian, Iroquoian, Caddoan and Siouan peoples of North America under the label "Eastern Woodland Indians." Yet her own title, "Sisters of Pocahontas," glosses native women as well.
But, named after the Maha tribe of the Siouan Indian, meaning "those going against the current of the wind," when all eyes were open, Omaha began to focus on a public safety strategy.
They were linguistically related to the Menominee, but culturally the latter were much closer to their neighbors in the Green Bay area--the Winnebago Indians--who may have numbered close to 4,000, even though this tribe was the sole representative this far east of the Siouan linguistic stock that was most commonly associated with tribes much farther west.
12) when indeed all divisions spoke dialects of the Siouan language.