Sir Alexander Fleming

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Fleming, Sir Alexander,

1881–1955, Scottish bacteriologist, discoverer of penicillin (1928) and lysozyme (1922), an antibacterial substance found in saliva and other body secretions. Educated at St. Mary's Hospital Medical School, Univ. of London, where he later became professor of bacteriology, he published many articles on bacteriology, immunology, and chemotherapy. He shared the 1945 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with Ernst B. Chain and Sir Howard W. Florey for work on penicillin. Fleming was knighted in 1944.


See biography by G. MacFarlane (1985).

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References in periodicals archive ?
The Sir Alexander Fleming Building in South Kensington, London, makes the most of a very restrictive site.
Another Alexander, Sir Alexander Fleming, noted while accepting the 1945 Nobel Prize awarded for his 1928 discovery of penicillin that "It is not difficult to make microbes resistant to penicillin in the laboratory by exposing them to concentrations not sufficient to kill them, and the same thing has occasionally happened in the body."
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If Sir Alexander Fleming hadn't done the same in 1928 it could have been me with the knighthood and the Nobel Prize.
Sir Alexander Fleming. The discovery of penicillin has to be one of the greatest contributions to good in the world - and it's a scientific breakthrough that's never been perverted for evil ends.
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