Sir Alexander Fleming

Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Acronyms, Wikipedia.

Fleming, Sir Alexander,

1881–1955, Scottish bacteriologist, discoverer of penicillin (1928) and lysozyme (1922), an antibacterial substance found in saliva and other body secretions. Educated at St. Mary's Hospital Medical School, Univ. of London, where he later became professor of bacteriology, he published many articles on bacteriology, immunology, and chemotherapy. He shared the 1945 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with Ernst B. Chain and Sir Howard W. Florey for work on penicillin. Fleming was knighted in 1944.


See biography by G. MacFarlane (1985).

References in periodicals archive ?
Sir Alexander Fleming (1881 - 1955) Discovered the first antibiotic drug - penicillin - after growing mould on bread.
They could follow in the footsteps of Sir Alexander Fleming, the Scot who discovered penicillin.
Scotsman Sir Alexander Fleming took the number one spot with his discovery of penicillin and other top entries included playwright William Shakespeare and mathematical genius Albert Einstein.
What about a Sir Alexander Fleming Supper, where guests indulge in a mad sex orgy before someone pipes in the penicillin?
That's like saying Usain Bolt "only runs fast" or Sir Alexander Fleming "only discovered penicillin".
WRITE STUFF: Tommy Scullion, main picture, assembled one of the most amazing collections of signatures, including, from left, Pope John Paul II, Mother Teresa, Picasso and Martin Luther King; SWEDE INSPIRATION: Abba and Sir Alexander Fleming take pride of place in the collection, alongside, far left from top, Bobby Kennedy, Charles Manson and Pele
PENICILLIN: Sir Alexander Fleming, an Ayrshire-born inventor, was studying medicine in London when he discovered the antibiotic penicillin in 1928.
If Sir Alexander Fleming was still alive, he'd have been proud of the furry green fungus that had engulfed the insoles and rotted away most of the laces.