Anthony Eden

(redirected from Sir Anthony Eden)

Eden, Anthony

 

(Earl of Avon). Born June 12, 1897, in Windleston, Durham. British statesman; a leader of the Conservative Party.

Eden comes from an aristocratic family. He was educated at Eton and Oxford University and was an infantry officer during World War I. He was a Conservative member of the House of Commons from 1923 to 1957. Eden was closely involved with British foreign policy for many years. He was secretary of state for foreign affairs from 1935 until 1938, when he left this post because of differences, basically of a tactical character, with Prime Minister N. Chamberlain, who was carrying out a policy of encouraging Germany’s fascist aggression. He was secretary of state for dominion affairs in 1939–40 and was secretary of state for foreign affairs in W. Churchill’s coalition cabinet from 1940 to 1945. Eden took part in the work of the Tehran Conference in 1943, in the Crimea [Yalta] and Potsdam conferences in 1945, and in other international conferences. He was again secretary of state for foreign affairs from 1951 to 1955 and was prime minister from April 1955 to January 1957. He attached primary importance to the preservation of Great Britain’s colonial position. Eden was one of the initiators of the Anglo-French-Israeli aggression against Egypt in 1956. After its failure, he was compelled to retire and to withdraw from active political life. He received the title of lord in 1961.

A. M. BELONOGOV

References in periodicals archive ?
She sent Churchill a handwritten letter when he retired in 1955 saying no successor "will ever for me be able to hold the place of my first prime 2 THE QUEEN'S relationship with Sir Anthony Eden was more formal, while Harold Macmillan was an urbane figure, in contrast to the monarch, who is a countrywoman at heart.
She sent Churchill handwritten letter when he retired in 1955 saying successor "will ever for be able to hold the place of my first prime 2 THE QUEEN'S relationship with Sir Anthony Eden was more formal, while Harold Macmillan was an urbane figure, in contrast to the monarch, who is a countrywoman at heart.
They are Sir Winston Churchill; Sir Anthony Eden; Harold MacMillan; Sir Alec Douglas Home; Harold Wilson; Edward Heath; Harold Wilson; James Callaghan; Margaret Thatcher; Sir John Major; Tony Blair; Gordon Brown; David Cameron; and Theresa May, who has held office since July 13, 2016; and May's successor
1955 The Conservatives won a clear majority in the general election, leading Sir Anthony Eden to take over from Sir Winston Churchill as prime minister.
Eton has also provided a long list of Tory politicians, including former prime ministers, from Sir Anthony Eden to David Cameron.
For Sir Anthony Eden, it was the birth canal to the British prime ministership.
WHO AM I: Paula Radcliffe 10 QUESTIONS: 1 Smallpox, 2 Greece and Persia, 3 AC/DC, 4 Swindon (1994 and 1995) and Wolverhampton Wanderers (2012 and 2013), 5 405, 6 Porridge, 7 Australia, 8 Piano, 9 Clement Attlee (1945) and Sir Anthony Eden (1951), 10 100
A Harold Macmillan B Sir Anthony Eden C Sir Winston Churchill D Harold Wilson 10.
Sir Anthony Eden (Samuel West) whispers to a parliamentary colleague that Winston is "ensuring his fingerprints aren't on the murder weapon" shortly before Chamberlain resigns.
Yet the ghosts of Mrs Thatcher, Neville Chamberlin, Sir Anthony Eden and Edward Heath remind me that regicide is a hallmark of Tory politics and cannot really be discounted in the age of "blond ambition"!
Over the reign, Her Majesty has given regular audiences to 12 Prime Ministers - Winston Churchill, Sir Anthony Eden, Harold Macmillan, Sir Alec Douglas-Home, Harold Wilson, Edward Heath, James Callaghan, Margaret Thatcher, John Major, Tony Blair, Gordon Brown and David Cameron.
Disagreements have occurred, as with Eisenhower's intervention in the illegal Suez operation by Sir Anthony Eden, Harold Wilson's refusal to put UK troops in Vietnam for Johnson, and even Thatcher's dispute with Reagan when the US invaded the British crown colony Grenada.