Harris, Sir Arthur Travers

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Harris, Sir Arthur Travers,

1892–1984, British marshal of the Royal Air Force (RAF). In World War I, he served for a time in German West Africa before transferring to the Royal Flying Corps in France. Prominent in the RAF from its beginning, he was chief of the bomber command (1942–45) and proponent of the saturation bombing tactics used against German targets. He was made marshal of the RAF in 1945 and was created baronet in 1953.
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References in periodicals archive ?
What role is Sir Arthur Harris best known for in WWII?
Two of the more surprising antagonists were Air Chief Marshals Sir Charles Portal and Sir Arthur Harris. Both were vigorous proponents of strategic bombing; and both saw the SOE--especially its call on RAF resources to supply unconventional forces--as a diversion from their more important missions.
Sir Arthur Harris, the commander of the operation said and wrote: "If the Germans would send 400 V2 as planned and the 6,000 V1 daily and we were not prepared for it there would not have been the Normandy invasion and not free Britain."
Patton, Jr., the master bridge player Supreme Allied Commander Dwight Eisenhower, the unpretentious General Omar Bradley, the calculating Field Marshal Erwin Rommel, the "coarse" Air Chief Marshal Sir Arthur Harris, and the multifaceted Winston Churchill.
And Sir Arthur Harris, head of the Royal Air Force's (RAF) Bomber Command from 1942 to 1945, became the strongest and most persistent air advocate of his generation; he insisted to the end of his life that long-range bombing was the preferable alternative to bloody land warfare, and that, indeed, an Anglo-American ground campaign in World War II would have been unnecessary had he been given more latitude to fight the air war as he had seen fit.
He shows that Sir Arthur Harris, head of Bomber Command, the RAF branch charged with conducting the air campaign against Germany, and the biggest proponent of area bombing, was a complex figure who did not share the belief in the value of precision bombing that Sir Charles Portal, his superior, and the Americans did.
Burleigh is a doughty defender of the air war strategy, basically subscribing to Sir Arthur Harris's view that the Nazis, having sowed the wind, could not really complain when they reaped the whirlwind.
Using unpublished papers, the book provides a host of new revelations about the Lancaster and the controversial blanket bombing of Germany, including: l Sir Arthur Harris, head of Bomber Command, privately thought that the famous Dams Raid was a waste of time and resources which "achieved nothing".
Wakelam spends little time on the debate over the ethics of the bombing war, preferring to look at Sir Arthur Harris' character as revealed in the documentary exchange between himself and his OR scientists.
It is disturbing that its chief advocate, Sir Arthur Harris, head of Bomber Command, was allowed to continue on this path despite the growing reservations of Churchill, the War Cabinet and the American military, about the policy's effectiveness.
The company's first managing director was Sir Arthur Harris, who had played a historic leading role as Britain's Marshall of the Royal Air Force.