Sir Christopher Wren


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Wren, Sir Christopher,

1632–1723, English architect. A mathematical prodigy, he studied at Oxford. He was professor of astronomy at Gresham College, London, from 1657 to 1661, when he became Savilian professor of astronomy at Oxford. Though now known as the greatest architect of the English baroque style, in his time Wren was a celebrated astronomer and mathematician who, in 1660, was one of the founders of the Royal SocietyRoyal Society,
oldest scientific organization in Great Britain and one of the oldest in Europe. It was founded in 1660 by a group of learned men in London who met to promote scientific discussion, particularly in the physical sciences.
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. His architectural career began in 1661 when Charles II appointed him assistant to the royal architect and in 1665 he spent six months in Paris studying architecture. The distinguished buildings Wren created in the years thereafter owe much of their cerebral rigor to his mathematical training. After the great fire of 1666 Wren prepared a master plan for the reconstruction of London, which was never executed. He designed, however, many new buildings that were built, the greatest of which was Saint Paul's CathedralSaint Paul's Cathedral,
London, masterpiece of Sir Christopher Wren and one of the finest church designs of the English baroque. It stands at the head of Ludgate Hill, where, according to tradition, a Roman temple once stood. In the early 7th cent.
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.

In 1669 Wren was named royal architect, a post he retained for more than 45 years. From 1670 to 1711 he designed 52 London churches, most of which still stand, notable for their varied and original designs and for their fine spires. They include St. Stephen, Walbrook; St. Martin, Ludgate; St. Bride, Fleet Street; and St. Mary-le-Bow, the latter manifesting the type of spire in receding stages generally associated with Wren's name. Among his numerous secular works are the Sheldonian Theatre, Oxford; the elegant library of Trinity College, Cambridge; the garden facade of Hampton Court Palace; Chelsea Hospital; portions of Greenwich Hospital; and the buildings of the Temple, London. Wren also built residences in London and in the country, and these, as well as his public works, received the stamp of his distinctive style. His buildings exhibit a remarkable elegance, order, clarity, and dignity. His influence was considerable on church architecture in England and abroad. Wren was knighted in 1675, and is buried in the crypt of St. Paul's.

Bibliography

See biographies by A. Tinniswood (2001) and L. Jardine (2003); studies by G. Webb (1937), E. F. Sekler (1956), V. Fürst (1956), J. N. Summerson (new ed. 1965), and M. Whinney (1972).

Wren, Sir Christopher

(1632–1723)
One of England’s greatest scientists and architects. He was active in rebuilding London after the fire of 1666. He rebuilt St. Paul’s Cathedral, London, England (1673).
References in periodicals archive ?
They were staying at the Sir Christopher Wren Hotel, which played host to The Windsor Wedding Show on Sunday.
in YOUR that 1632: Sir Christopher Wren, architect whose work includes St Paul's Cathedral and Chelsea Hospital, was born in East Knoyle, Wiltshire.
The cathedral is one of the most visited tourist attractions in the UK and was built by Sir Christopher Wren between 1675 and 1710 after its predecessor was destroyed in the Great Fire of London.
Monarchs and architects, including Sir Christopher Wren, Nicholas Hawksmoor and Sir George Gilbert Scott, have commissioned and built towers, turrets and chapels in a variety of styles, The Independent reports.
After the Great Fire, Sir Christopher Wren, left, designed 52 London churches between 1670 and 1711 - including the greatest of all, St Paul's Cathedral.
The ones which have been withdrawn feature the Queen on the front and Sir Christopher Wren on the reverse.
It has Britain's grandest collection of 16th and 17th Century buildings and none is more splendid than the Royal Naval College, built by Sir Christopher Wren as a hospital.
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Which building designed by Sir Christopher Wren can be found on Ludgate Hill, London?
William and Kate's Kensington Palace apartment was designed by Sir Christopher Wren and was the home of Princess Margaret and Lord Snowdon.
1723: Sir Christopher Wren, English architect and designer, notably of St Paul's Cathedral, died in London and was buried in the crypt of his cathedral.