Sir Christopher Wren


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Wren, Sir Christopher,

1632–1723, English architect. A mathematical prodigy, he studied at Oxford. He was professor of astronomy at Gresham College, London, from 1657 to 1661, when he became Savilian professor of astronomy at Oxford. Though now known as the greatest architect of the English baroque style, in his time Wren was a celebrated astronomer and mathematician who, in 1660, was one of the founders of the Royal SocietyRoyal Society,
oldest scientific organization in Great Britain and one of the oldest in Europe. It was founded in 1660 by a group of learned men in London who met to promote scientific discussion, particularly in the physical sciences.
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. His architectural career began in 1661 when Charles II appointed him assistant to the royal architect and in 1665 he spent six months in Paris studying architecture. The distinguished buildings Wren created in the years thereafter owe much of their cerebral rigor to his mathematical training. After the great fire of 1666 Wren prepared a master plan for the reconstruction of London, which was never executed. He designed, however, many new buildings that were built, the greatest of which was Saint Paul's CathedralSaint Paul's Cathedral,
London, masterpiece of Sir Christopher Wren and one of the finest church designs of the English baroque. It stands at the head of Ludgate Hill, where, according to tradition, a Roman temple once stood. In the early 7th cent.
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.

In 1669 Wren was named royal architect, a post he retained for more than 45 years. From 1670 to 1711 he designed 52 London churches, most of which still stand, notable for their varied and original designs and for their fine spires. They include St. Stephen, Walbrook; St. Martin, Ludgate; St. Bride, Fleet Street; and St. Mary-le-Bow, the latter manifesting the type of spire in receding stages generally associated with Wren's name. Among his numerous secular works are the Sheldonian Theatre, Oxford; the elegant library of Trinity College, Cambridge; the garden facade of Hampton Court Palace; Chelsea Hospital; portions of Greenwich Hospital; and the buildings of the Temple, London. Wren also built residences in London and in the country, and these, as well as his public works, received the stamp of his distinctive style. His buildings exhibit a remarkable elegance, order, clarity, and dignity. His influence was considerable on church architecture in England and abroad. Wren was knighted in 1675, and is buried in the crypt of St. Paul's.

Bibliography

See biographies by A. Tinniswood (2001) and L. Jardine (2003); studies by G. Webb (1937), E. F. Sekler (1956), V. Fürst (1956), J. N. Summerson (new ed. 1965), and M. Whinney (1972).

Wren, Sir Christopher

(1632–1723)
One of England’s greatest scientists and architects. He was active in rebuilding London after the fire of 1666. He rebuilt St. Paul’s Cathedral, London, England (1673).
References in periodicals archive ?
According to Rogers, the prince personally persuaded the Qatari royal family, which owns the Chelsea site, to abandon the scheme which he believes would detract from Sir Christopher Wren's Royal Hospital.
After the Great Fire, Sir Christopher Wren, left, designed 52 London churches between 1670 and 1711 - including the greatest of all, St Paul's Cathedral.
SIR CHRISTOPHER WREN (1632-1723), most famous for redesigning and remodelling St Paul's Cathedral which was officially opened 300 years ago next month, is also well-known as the architect of the City churches, as Savilian professor of astronomy at Oxford, as founding and active member of The Royal Society; and less so as Surveyor-General of the King's Works.
The ones which have been withdrawn feature the Queen on the front and Sir Christopher Wren on the reverse.
3 Which Notting Hill actor played Sir Christopher Wren in Wren - The Man Who Built Britain?
1632: Sir Christopher Wren, architect whose work includes St Paul's Cathedral, was born in East Knoyle, Wiltshire.
As for him being an idiot, not knowing the man personally, I could not possibly comment, but for some reason the inscription on the memorial to Sir Christopher Wren in St.
Paul's Cathedral was the greatest of the 52 London churches Sir Christopher Wren created between 1670 and 1711.
It is at the very heart of the village, next to the village primary school and close to the parish church where Philip Wren, son of St Paul's Cathedral designer, Sir Christopher Wren, was once vicar.
There's an on-board talk about the creation of The Alnwick Garden, designed by renowned Belgian designer Jacques Wirtz and the Great Gardens Cruise also includes a guided tour of the famous Paleis Het Loo, which for many years was the home of the Dutch Royal family and the inspiration behind Sir Christopher Wren's remodelling work at Hampton Court.
Sir Christopher Wren designed which famous London cathedral?
There was fury in 2002 when it emerged that the Queen's cousin and his wife, dubbed Princess Pushy, shelled out just pounds 69 a week for the five-bedroom apartment, designed by Sir Christopher Wren, they have used for 30 years.