Sir George Cayley


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Cayley, Sir George,

1773–1857, British scientist. He is recognized as the founder of aerodynamics on the basis of his pioneering experiments and studies of the principles of flight. He experimented with wing design, distinguished between lift and drag, formulated the concepts of vertical tail surfaces, steering rudders, rear elevators, and air screws, and built the world's first glider capable of carrying a human (1853). Cayley was also a founder of the Regent Street Polytechnic, London.
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He also founded Britain's first polytechnic, forerunner to the present University of Westminster, which is currently also hosting an exhibition: 'Sir George Cayley: The Father of Flight'.
Business entrepreneur Sir Richard Branson took to the air in a replica of Sir George Cayley's historic 1853 glider on Saturday (5 July).
Branson was commemorating the 150th anniversary of aviation pioneer Sir George Cayley's 1853 feat.
The original aircraft was pioneered by Sir George Cayley -50 years before the Wright Brothers made their famous flight.
Replica of Sir George Cayley's Glider 2 The 1773-1857 engineer, inventor, aviator from Scarborough made the first heavier-than-air flight in one of his flying machines at Brompton Vale near his home town.
The offices have been named after Sir George Cayley, the Yorkshireman who pioneered the principles of flying, described as the father of aerial navigation.
Working with the mathematical equations of 19th-century Frenchman (later US citizen) Octave Chanute and with the knowledge of 18th-century Englishman Sir George Cayley, the father of aeronautical science, the Wrights applied scientific principles to mathematical calculation and designed a wing of such finesse that it had the lifting qualities of a gossamer dragonfly.