Sir Joseph Banks


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Banks, Sir Joseph,

1743–1820, British naturalist and patron of the sciences. He accompanied Capt. James CookCook, James,
1728–79, English explorer and navigator. The son of a Yorkshire agricultural laborer, he had little formal education. After an apprenticeship to a firm of shipowners at Whitby, he joined (1755) the royal navy and surveyed the St.
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 on his voyage around the world and made large collections of biological specimens, most of which were previously unclassified. Botany Bay was named on this voyage. In 1772, Banks went on an expedition to Iceland. From c.1762 until his death, he was the chief influence in inaugurating and directing the policies that made Kew Gardens an important botanical center for encouraging exploration and experimentation. In 1766 he was elected to the Royal Society, and he served as its president from 1778 until his death. The plant genus Banksia was named for him.

Bibliography

See studies by H. C. Cameron (1952, repr. 1966), A. M. Lysaght (1971), and A. Wulf (2009).

References in periodicals archive ?
Kryza traces the race's course back to earlier travelers, such as Mungo Park, and the activities of the African Association, founded by Sir Joseph Banks in 1788, to expand "profitable commerce," support "abolition of the slave trade," and promote the "desire for knowledge" (13).
Knight was a friend of Sir Joseph Banks and Sir Humphrey Davy and when he was persuaded to become one of the founders of the RHS in 1804 he wanted the breeding, cultivation and forcing of fruit to be its chief emphasis.
But the African Association's dozen founding members included several members of parliament, a former secretary of state, a future viceroy of India and Sir Joseph Banks, president of the Royal Society and the British government's adviser on all things scientific.
He was then attending a reception at Captain Cook Memorial Museum, which houses two new attractions - a portrait of Omai, Sir Joseph Banks and Dr Solander, and a mounted exhibition of artefacts from Cook's first voyage.
Sir Joseph Banks at Kew commissioned Menzies as a naturalist on a naval expedition sent to collect furs from North America.
They have jointly acquired William Parry's group portrait of Sir Joseph Banks,Dr Daniel Solander and the Tahitian Omai following a fund-raisingcampaign.
Mary had access not only to the indigenous flowers of Britain, but also to specimens of exotic plants brought back by Sir Joseph Banks and Captain Cook.
BURRY Port Harbour, established by Act of Parliament in 1825, was designed by marine engineer Sir Joseph Banks.
Two items highlighted by the editor for their significance are Flinders' letter to Sir Joseph Banks of 6 September 1800 when the young mariner undertakes to complete the discovery of New Holland, and his achingly personal letter to George Bass of 15-21 February 1800, which was purchased by the Mitchell Library only last year.
celebrated in Guyana in the same way Australians celebrate Captain James Cook and Sir Joseph Banks.
Some of the characters who emerge include the Polynesian, so-called "noble savage" Omai - who was brought to Mulgrave in the 18th century by the famous botanist Sir Joseph Banks who had travelled with Captain Cook on his expeditions to the South Seas - and the Maharaja Duleep Singh, last King of the Sikhs and rightful owner of the Koh-I-Noor diamond, who leased the estate in the 19th century.