Sir Joseph Banks


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Banks, Sir Joseph,

1743–1820, British naturalist and patron of the sciences. He accompanied Capt. James CookCook, James,
1728–79, English explorer and navigator. The son of a Yorkshire agricultural laborer, he had little formal education. After an apprenticeship to a firm of shipowners at Whitby, he joined (1755) the royal navy and surveyed the St.
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 on his voyage around the world and made large collections of biological specimens, most of which were previously unclassified. Botany Bay was named on this voyage. In 1772, Banks went on an expedition to Iceland. From c.1762 until his death, he was the chief influence in inaugurating and directing the policies that made Kew Gardens an important botanical center for encouraging exploration and experimentation. In 1766 he was elected to the Royal Society, and he served as its president from 1778 until his death. The plant genus Banksia was named for him.

Bibliography

See studies by H. C. Cameron (1952, repr. 1966), A. M. Lysaght (1971), and A. Wulf (2009).

References in periodicals archive ?
(31.) Alexander Anderson to James Anderson, from Mansurkotta near Ganjam, 31 August 1787, reproduced in James Anderson, An Eleventh Letter to Sir Joseph Banks ...
He pursues the suggestion, first made by Vincent Harlow in the 1950s, and more recently explored by David Mackay's In the Wake of Cook: Exploration, Science and Empire, 1780-1801 (1985) and Howard Carter's Sir Joseph Banks (1988), that Banks became useful to the Crown when it confronted three oceans of imperial problems in the aftermath of the American War of Independence.
Sir Joseph Banks, president of the Royal Society, obtained a sample of the stone and noted that it resembled the one he had received from the Siena fall.
In the first decade of the nineteenth century, chemistry recovered its status as "the study of a gentleman." Davy lectured at the Royal Institution in London, to a group of aristocrats formed by Sir Joseph Banks, president of the Royal Society.
In England, Bournon was introduced to Sir Joseph Banks, president of the Royal Society, by the Marquis de Chabert, one of his old friends in the French navy and a member of the Society.
He was an intimate friend of Rousseau's, and knew such diverse people as Voltaire, Benjamin Constant, the French painter Jacques-Louis David, Goethe, August-Wilhelm Schlegel, Reynolds, Fuseli, Wright of Derby, Sir Thomas Banks, Dr Johnson, Dr Taylor, Anna Seward, Erasmus Darwin, Sir Walter Scott, Maria Edgeworth, Sir Joseph Banks, Nelson, Lady Hamilton, and Henry Crabb Robinson.
Together, the two women knew every botanist and plantsman of note in England, from Sir Joseph Banks to George Diowsius Ehret, the leading botanical illustrator.
Kryza traces the race's course back to earlier travelers, such as Mungo Park, and the activities of the African Association, founded by Sir Joseph Banks in 1788, to expand "profitable commerce," support "abolition of the slave trade," and promote the "desire for knowledge" (13).
Knight was a friend of Sir Joseph Banks and Sir Humphrey Davy and when he was persuaded to become one of the founders of the RHS in 1804 he wanted the breeding, cultivation and forcing of fruit to be its chief emphasis.
But the African Association's dozen founding members included several members of parliament, a former secretary of state, a future viceroy of India and Sir Joseph Banks, president of the Royal Society and the British government's adviser on all things scientific.
He was then attending a reception at Captain Cook Memorial Museum, which houses two new attractions - a portrait of Omai, Sir Joseph Banks and Dr Solander, and a mounted exhibition of artefacts from Cook's first voyage.
Sir Joseph Banks at Kew commissioned Menzies as a naturalist on a naval expedition sent to collect furs from North America.