Robert Peel

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Peel, Robert


Born Feb. 5, 1788, in Bury, Lancashire; died July 2, 1850, in London. British statesman.

In 1809, Peel was elected to Parliament as a member of the Tory Party. From 1812 to 1818 he was chief secretary for Ireland and was a proponent of repression of those involved in the peasant disturbances. From 1822 to 1827 and from 1828 to 1830 he was home secretary. Peel headed the group of so-called moderate Tories, who advocated certain economic concessions to the commercial and industrial bourgeoisie while maintaining the political supremacy of the big landowners and financiers. In April 1829, under pressure from the growing national liberation movement in Ireland, he carried through a bill for the emancipation of Catholics, which gave Catholics the right to vote.

Peel was prime minister from 1834 to 1835 and from 1841 to 1846. In 1844 he put through an act establishing a firm rate of exchange between bullion and paper currency. Implementing the program of the free traders, in June 1846 he carried through the repeal of the corn laws, which was in the interest of the industrial bourgeoisie and which resulted in reduced tariffs on imports of many foodstuffs and raw materials. His measures provoked the sharp dissatisfaction of the protectionist Tories and led to a split in the Tory Party. Partisans of Peel (Peelites) joined the Whig Party, which was transformed in the mid-19th century and given the name Liberal Party.


Sir Robert Peel: From His Private Papers, vols. 1–3. Edited by C. S. Parker. New York, 1970.
Gash, N. Politics in the Age of Peel. New York, 1971.
References in periodicals archive ?
But Sir Robert Peel was a towering statesman and Britain's greatest peacetime Prime Minister and it would be more appropriate if his statue in Birmingham could be moved to a location where it would be seen by more people.
1829: London's first official police force was mobilised and its men nicknamed "Bobbies" or "Peelers" after Sir Robert Peel, the Home Secretary.
1829: The London Metropolitan Police was founded by Sir Robert Peel.
The list of esteemed guests who have stayed at Wynyard includes Charles Dickens, Disraeli, Sir Robert Peel, Churchill, King Edward VII, Elizabeth II and "regular" the Duke of Wellington.
The former home and foreign secretary was set to give a reading at a service to mark the 225th anniversary of the birth of Sir Robert Peel.
He exploits the position to fill the royal quarters with allies to keep the princess at arm's length from rival Sir Robert Peel.
The statue is of Tamworth's most famous son, Sir Robert Peel, who served as the town's MP from 1830 until his death in 1850.
The Tory list only finds room for one Tory, Sir Robert Peel.
Earl (Horatio) Nelson, the son of an obscure clergyman; Lord Eldon, the son of a coal seller; Lord Lyndhurst, the son of a painter born in the American colonies; Sir Robert Peel, the son of a pioneer cotton spinner.
When the Tory Sir Robert Peel became prime minister, O'Connell resumed his agitations for an independent Ireland.
The 15-year-old was taken to the Sir Robert Peel Hospital at Mile Oak, near Tamworth, and was treated for minor injuries.