Sir William Hamilton

Hamilton, Sir William,

1730–1803, British diplomat and archaeologist, ambassador to Naples (1764–1800). He was the husband of Emma, Lady HamiltonHamilton, Emma, Lady,
1765?–1815, mistress of the British naval hero Horatio Nelson. Born Emma Lyon, she became the mistress of Charles Greville, then of Sir William Hamilton, ambassador to Naples, whom she married (1791).
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, mistress of Admiral Horatio NelsonNelson, Horatio Nelson, Viscount,
1758–1805, British admiral. The most famous of Britain's naval heroes, he is commemorated by the celebrated Nelson Column in Trafalgar Square, London.
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. His fine collection of antiquities from Pompeii was sold to the British Museum in 1772 and stimulated English interest in the art of the classical civilizations. His publications include Antiquités étrusques, greques et romaines (1766–67) and Mount Vesuvius (1772).

Bibliography

See biography by B. Fothergill (1969); J. Russell, Nelson and the Hamiltons (1969).


Hamilton, Sir William,

1788–1856, Scottish philosopher. He was widely interested in law, physiology, and literature and was professor of history and philosophy at the Univ. of Edinburgh. Hamilton helped to reestablish the waning fame of the Scottish school of metaphysics. His "Philosophy of the Unconditioned" (1829), a critique of CousinCousin, Victor
, 1792–1867, French educational leader and philosopher, founder of the eclectic school. He lectured at the Sorbonne from 1814 until 1821, when political reaction forced him to leave.
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's Cours de philosophie published in the Edinburgh Review, publicized his views on the infinite, which he considered unknowable. Under the influence of KantKant, Immanuel
, 1724–1804, German metaphysician, one of the greatest figures in philosophy, b. Königsberg (now Kaliningrad, Russia). Early Life and Works
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, he conceived of the world that man knows as finite and conditioned in terms of space, time, and degree. In logic his attempt to "quantify the predicate" was a crude anticipation of later developments in mathematical logic. The British academic outlook was broadened by his emphasis on the German philosophers and on Aristotle. His son, Francis, published his Lectures on Metaphysics and Logic (ed. by H. L. Mansel and John Veitch, 4 vol., 1859–60, repr. 1969).
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References in periodicals archive ?
"It is called the Portland Vase after the Duchess of Portland who purchased the original vase in 1784 from Sir William Hamilton. He had brought the vase back from Italy the previous year."
The two men saw the commercial possibilities of exploiting the new rage for classical antiquities, and these three-handled vessels took their shape from a vase in the collection of Sir William Hamilton, while its red-figure decoration of Hercules in the Garden of the Hesperides came from a plate in Hamilton's catalogue.
For example, on the 1779 eruption, Sir William Hamilton published a Supplement to the Campi Phlegraei: Being an Account of the Great Eruption of Mount Vesuvius in the Month of August 1779 [Naples, 1779]; this followed his earlier Campi Phlegraei: Observations on the Volcanoes of the Two Sicilies as They Have Been Communicated to the Royal Society of London [Naples, 1776].
"The vase illustrates the Apotheosis of Homer, the images taken from an engraving published by D'Hancarville after a Greek red-figured krater in the collection of Sir William Hamilton, the great English collector of classical antiquities," Martin notes.
she was born on January 29, 1801, in piccadilly in a house owned by sir William hamilton, emma's husband, when Nelson was at anchor in torbay preparing to sail to the Battle of Copenhagen (news reached him before he set sail).
He worked as underwater cameraman with Roland Morris, who discovered the wreck of Colossus, one of Nelson's warships, which sank off the Isles of Scilly in 1798 with Sir William Hamilton's priceless collection of Etruscan vases and paintings.
In June 1801 Sir William Hamilton, the retired, diplomat who had represented British interests: in the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies for 36 years, offered a set of important diaries to the Royal Society.
"It is following a proud tradition from Sir William Hamilton in Naples in the 18th century, through to the 20th century's Maurice and Katia Krafft - a couple who lost their lives picturing eruptions - to modern artists, who are still getting up close to create great representations."
Emma's husband, Sir William Hamilton can be seen sitting to the right.
Inevitably there were several different versions but it is believed the couple kept their love under wraps for fear of Emma's father Sir William Hamilton finding out.