Sirach


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Related to Sirach: Apocrypha, Book of Sirach

Sirach

(sī`rək), the father of the author of the book of SirachSirach
or Ecclesiasticus
[Lat. from Gr.,=ecclesiastical], book included in the Septuagint and in the Roman Catholic canon of the Old Testament but not included in the Hebrew Bible and placed in the Apocrypha of the Authorized Version and Protestant Bibles since.
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.

Sirach

(sī`rək) or

Ecclesiasticus

(ēklē'zēăs`tĭkəs) [Lat. from Gr.,=ecclesiastical], book included in the SeptuagintSeptuagint
[Lat.,=70], oldest extant Greek translation of the Hebrew Bible made by Hellenistic Jews, possibly from Alexandria, c.250 B.C. Legend, according to the fictional letter of Aristeas, records that it was done in 72 days by 72 translators for Ptolemy Philadelphus, which
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 and in the Roman Catholic canon of the Old Testament but not included in the Hebrew Bible and placed in the Apocrypha of the Authorized Version and Protestant Bibles since. It is called also the Wisdom of Jesus the Son of Sirach. A prologue states that the book was composed in Hebrew by one Jesus, son of Sirach, and translated into Greek by his grandson, Simeon son of Jesus son of Eleazar ben Sira. The date of the translation may be 132–131 B.C. The date of the composition of the original Hebrew text is 200–180 B.C. The excellence of wisdom and the teaching of wisdom are the main themes. Some important passages include the praise of wisdom leading into a protest against determinism; the identification of personified Wisdom with the law commanded by Moses; the praise of God for the works of nature; and the praise of the famous men of Israel. The book closes with a psalm. Although about two thirds of the Hebrew version has been recovered, there is much textual variation. The book is a good example of wisdom literature (see Wisdom of SolomonWisdom of Solomon
or Wisdom,
early Jewish book included in the Septuagint and the Vulgate but not in the Hebrew Bible. The book opens with an exhortation to seek wisdom, followed by a statement on worldly attitudes.
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).

Bibliography

See P. W. Skehan and A. A. Di Lella, The Wisdom of Ben Sira (1987). See also bibliography under ApocryphaApocrypha
[Gr.,=hidden things], term signifying a collection of early Jewish writings excluded from the canon of the Hebrew scriptures. It is not clear why the term was chosen.
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.

References in periodicals archive ?
According to Sirach 29:8-12, one should not make the humble wait for charity or turn them away.
He takes the reader back and forth in time so the reader can see the seeds of Sirach's murderous rebellion and ambitions and how that affects the present time.
From a tradition history point of view this points to a combination of wisdom traditions and Torah reception already in Job which usually has been assumed in biblical scholarship to appear only later, for instance in Sirach. For the author this mixture of theological traditions goes back already to the late Persian and early Hellenistic period: "Die ausgehende Perserzeit und die hellenistische Epoche sind ...
(19) When we turn to Wirkungsgeschichte, or reception history, we find that the Adamic and Edenic traditions are linked in Ezekiel 28's treatment of the king of Tyre as well as Sirach 24's handling of Genesis 1-3, which Sirach appears to read as a unified whole.
(18) Along the way, he asks, "What was it that induced so many men in the wide spectrum of Anabaptism to take such a strong interest in the Apocrypha in general and to show a particular preference for 2 Esdras?" (19) He notes that Pieter Jansz Twisck, a particularly conservative Old Frisian historian, "appears to have had a particular preference for the books of Sirach and 1 and 2 Maccabees." (20)
This volume includes a thirty-six-page contribution by Ibolya Balla on Ben Sirach. We are accustomed to Loader's structure and methodology by now, and predictably he has divided this volume into three parts: the first on the apocalypses, testaments, and related writings; the second on histories, legends, and related writings; and the final one on psalms, wisdom literature, and fragments.
"Wise Lives: Orthodox Christian Reflections on the Wisdom of Sirach" is an Orthodox look at Sirach, also known as Ecclesiasticus, written only a couple centuries before the birth of Christ.
As Sirach once wrote: doing good to someone, know to whom you are doing it and the Lord's grace will be upon thee ...
However, for instance the Hebrew books of Samuel evidently contain a text that in its present form is from about the same time as, say, large parabiblical narratives like Jubilees or Sirach. Hence a more precise discussion of a broader material might have been desirable.
angelangt) hat Jesus Sirach noch einmal versucht, die durch Zweifel verdunkelte Lehre von der Entsprechung zwischen einem gottesfurchtigen Gehorsam gegen die Gebote und einem gesegneten Leben unter Berufung auf das Zeugnis der Schrift zu stabilisieren.26 Dabei suchte er seinen Schulern schon im 2.
These last three writers were probably alluding to Tobit 4:7 and Sirach 4:4 in the Old Testament.