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In Indian architecture, the capital of a column or pillar.



(pen name of Amaiak Saakovich Voskanian). Born Feb. 2(15), 1902, in the city of Karaklis, Western Armenia. Soviet Armenian writer. Honored Cultural Worker of the Armenian SSR (1967). Member of the CPSU since 1924.

In 1915, Siras moved to Tbilisi, and in 1921, to Yerevan. He began publishing in 1922. In 1932 he graduated from the Communist Institute of Journalism. Siras wrote the novels Ask Them (1931; 2nd ed., 1954, entitled On the Eve; Russian translation, 1965), about Armenia on the eve of the Great October Socialist Revolution, and Unwritten Law (1936; 2nd ed., 1940, entitled Anait; Russian translation, 1949), about the life of an Armenian family. Siras’ novella Father and Son (1946) and novel Ararat (1950; Russian translation, 1956) deal with the Great Patriotic War of 1941–45. Siras’ works have been translated into many national languages of the USSR and into foreign languages. He has been awarded three orders and several medals.


Siras, Hm. Erkeri zhoghovatsu, vols. 1-4. Yerevan, 1958-61.
Hayreni ashkharh. Yerevan, 1974.
In Russian translation:
Devushka bez imeni: Rasskazy. Yerevan, 1968.


Istoriia armianskoi literatury. Moscow, 1966.
Nikitin, S. “Sila splochennosti (o romane ‘Ararat’).” Literaturnaia gazeta. May 9, 1957.
Hovsep’yan, G. “Nshanavor vipasane.” Grakan t’ert’, 1972, February 18.

L. G. MKRTCHIAN [23–1331–]

References in periodicals archive ?
" We had called Siras every day, but he didn't want any help.
" We should focus on the fact that Siras won a stay on his suspension and was able to say in court that he had done nothing wrong," said Gautam Bhan, part of Voices Against 377, which was instrumental in getting homosexuality decriminalised.
On March 29, Siras had moved the Allahabad High Court challenging the V- C's decision to suspend him.
" We got the court order on Thursday when a condolence meeting for Siras was in progress," Abrar said.
Siras was reportedly sacked in 1996 for a graver charge, that of sexually harassing a woman.
Reacting to the order, Siras said: " I knew justice would prevail.
The journalists barged into his house, took some shots and escaped before Siras could understand what was happening.
" We are preparing a chargesheet against Siras. He can present his case before the disciplinary committee.
He is free to go to the police or the court." Dr Tariq Islam, a professor of philosophy in AMU who was suspended in August, 2009 and then reinstated after six months defended Siras. " The V- C wants to send a signal across the teaching community that he would remove whoever stood up to him.
Siras's suspension has sent shock waves through the Lesbian Gay Bisexual and Transgender ( LGBT) community.