Sirimavo Bandaranaike


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Bandaranaike, Sirimavo

(sērēmä`vō bändränī`kē), 1916–2000, Sri Lankan political leader, b. Sirimavo Ratwatte. She and her husband, S. W. R. D. BandaranaikeBandaranaike, Solomon West Ridgeway Dias,
1899–1959, prime minister (1956–59) of Ceylon (later Sri Lanka); husband of Sirimavo Bandaranaike. A lawyer educated in England, he entered politics and rose to hold a cabinet position.
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, converted to Buddhism from Christianity before he became prime minister of Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) in 1956. After his assassination (1959), she became the first woman in the world to serve as a nation's prime minister. She led the Sri Lanka Freedom party, which her husband had founded, and headed two coalition governments (1960–65, 1970–77). As prime minister, she emphasized Buddhist and Sinhalese nationalist policies and promoted a new constitution (1972) that proclaimed a republic and changed the country's name to Sri Lanka. The coalition broke up in 1975, and her government was defeated in 1977. She was expelled from parliament in 1980 and stripped (1980–82) of her civil rights because of abuses as prime minister. She reentered politics in the late 1980s and was an unsuccessful candidate for president in 1988. In 1994 her daughter, Chandrika KumaratungaKumaratunga, Chandrika Bandaranaike
, 1945–, Sri Lankan politician, president of Sri Lanka (1994–2005). The daughter of two former prime ministers, the assassinated (1959) Solomon Bandaranaike and his wife, Sirimavo Bandaranaike, and the widow of Vijaya Kumartunga,
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, was elected president, and appointed Bandaranaike prime minister, a post she held until she resigned because of ill health in 2000.

Bandaranaike, Sirimavo

 

Born Apr. 17, 1916, in Balangoda. Political and state figure of Sri Lanka (Ceylon).

After the murder of her husband S. Bandaranaike by reactionaries in 1959, she became one of the leaders of the Ceylon Freedom Party, which he had founded. In May 1960, Bandaranaike was elected head of this party. She was prime minister of Sri Lanka (Ceylon) from 1960 to 1965—the first woman in the world to hold the position of prime minister. Bandaranaike’s government carried out a policy of political democratization and progressive economic reforms; it supported peaceful coexistence of states with different social structures. In 1970 she again headed the government.

References in periodicals archive ?
The 17th edition of Sri Lankas largest food, packaging and agriculture expo, Pro Food / Pro Pack and Ag-Biz Exhibition will be held from 3rd-5th August 2018 at Sirimavo Bandaranaike Memorial Exhibition Hall.
2000 Sirimavo Bandaranaike, the world's first woman prime minister, dies in Sri Lanka.
Along with Sri Lanka's Sirimavo Bandaranaike and Israel's Golda Meir, Asia showcased women empowerment to Europe and America in the 1960s, despite the fact that even today majority of people in the continent may believe in male supremacy.
57 YEARS AGO (1960) Sirimavo Bandaranaike, widow of Ceylon's assassinated premier Solomon, become the world's first female prime minister.
1 Senator John F Kennedy announced that he was running for US President 2 South African police killed 69 at the Sharpeville massacre 3 Vera Miles starred in Alfred Hitchcock's Psycho 4 In Ceylon, Sirimavo Bandaranaike became the world's first female head of government impossipuzzles Today we have a Magic Square.
com)-- Profood Propack & Agbiz is the largest and most comprehensive food and beverage processing and packaging exhibition, which will be held at Sirimavo Bandaranaike Memorial Exhibition Center, Colombo, Sri Lanka from 4-6 August 2017.
1960: Sirimavo Bandaranaike is elected prime minister of Ceylon (Sri Lanka) - the world's first elected female head of government.
1960: Sirimavo Bandaranaike makes history when she becomes Ceylon's first-ever female head of government.
The conspiracy reveals both high political disagreements and petty personal grievances, while the political response to the assassination, especially as articulated and enacted by his successor, who happened to be his widow, Sirimavo Bandaranaike (1916-2000), helps explain the consolidation of a Sinhalese Sri Lankan identity in the decades after the assassination.
As early as 1960, Sirimavo Bandaranaike shattered the glass ceiling to become the first woman prime minister in the world.
Sirimavo Bandaranaike was the first women prime minister in the world in 1960 and in 1972 led the country to become of the Republic of Sri Lanka.
Whether Benazir Bhutto, Indira Gandhi or Sirimavo Bandaranaike, the majority of their supporters were illiterate but had more grace than the class that goes around as the 'educated' today," says TV host and columnist Nusrat Javeed.