Sirwah

Sirwah

 

(1) An ancient city (c. eighth to second centuries B.C.), the most important center of the kingdom of Saba. The ruins of Sirwah (modern name, el Harib) are located 30 km west of Marib in the Yeman Arab Republic. The remains of a stone city wall with towers have been preserved as well as the ruins of a large temple (c. eighth century B.C.) to Al-Makhah, god of the moon. The remains of four smaller temples have also been found. Extremely important Sabaean inscriptions dating from the fifth to third centuries B.C. have been found in Sirwah.

(2) The modern name of one of the most ancient cities of Saba. The ancient name was probably Madar. The ruins of Sirwah are located 50 km north of the city of Sana in the Yemen Arab Republic. The ruins of a large temple to Ta’lab, god of the moon, are in the city. Sirwah existed from the early first millennium B.C. to the fourth or third centuries B.C. It was partially reconstructed in the second to fourth centuries A.D. [23–1331–]

References in periodicals archive ?
The Army forces over the past two days liberated 90% of the Sirwah District in a large-scale military operation, while army continuing to advance to liberate Marib city.
Yemeni forces launched a counter-offensive operation on Tuesday to stop the advance of Saudi-led coalition forces on the mountains near Sirwah District of Yemen's Ma'rib Governorate.
The strikes targeted Al Houthi reinforcements in the district of Sirwah, west of Ma'rib.
Ghalib Al-Zaidi's death came a week ago in an exchange of fire during clashes in the Sirwah district of Marib, they said.
Local sources said that the Yemeni army forces and the Popular Resistance liberated the strategic Mount "Marthad" overlooking the strategic Sirwah District Center, the last main stronghold of the coup militia in Marib.
The focus of the battle is the mountainous town of Sirwah, east of the capital, where pro-government forces aim to break a monthslong stalemate and clear the way toward Sanaa.
The reinforcement includes ammunition, armoured vehicles, and heavy artillery in preparation for the liberation of Sirwah.
Armed Yemeni tribesman from the Popular Resistance Committees supporting forces loyal to President Abd-Rabbu Mansour Hadi stand behind piles of artillery shells as they continue to battle Houthi rebels in the area of Sirwah, in the west of Marib province, yesterday.
At least 15 people were killed in the district of Sirwah and around Marib city, the sources said, as tribesmen allied with Hadi tried to stop Houthis and troops loyal to former president Ali Abdullah Saleh from advancing on the provincial capital.
Meanwhile, the Third Military Base attacked sites controlled by the Houthis in Sirwah District, west of Marib.
Heavy fighting in Marib province east of the Yemeni capital Sanaa killed 15 people, tribal sources there said, as the Houthi militia and forces loyal to former president Ali Abdullah Saleh tried to advance into the rugged Sirwah district.
"We heard a blast in the Sirwah area followed by flames rising from the pipeline," one tribal witness told Reuters.